Регулирование обеспечительных мер в международном коммерческом арбитраже: сравнительный анализ законодательства Англии, Китая и России
The article provides a comparative analysis of a legal regulation of interim measures application in international commercial arbitration foreseen by legislations of England, China and Russia. The author devotes attention to the competence of state courts and arbitration tribunals to order interim measures on behalf of the parties to arbitration established by the national legislation of those countries. The specifics of judicial assistance with regard to enforcement of the arbitration tribunals’ orders on interim measures are examined. According to the analysis presented the legislative approaches to regulation of interim measures in international commercial arbitration may vary significantly. The 1996 English Arbitration Act sets out in detail the powers of arbitration tribunal to issue the orders for interim measures and sets the limits for resourcing to state court for assistance. Furthermore, one of the forms of such assistance is the enforcement of arbitral interim measures by the court. In contrast, the Chinese legislation confers the powers to impose interim measures in support of arbitration to the exclusive competence of state courts. In Russia, the Law on International Commercial Arbitration of 1993 endows arbitration tribunals with the abovementioned powers and at the same time allows the parties to arbitration to recourse to the court for interim measures; however the key problem resides in the lack of legal provisions on the enforcement of arbitral interim measures. The article concludes that it is necessary to harmonize national legislations on the issue of application of interim measures in international commercial arbitration in order to improve the effectiveness of arbitration.