False Signposts and High Climbing. The Search for a Localised Islamic Orthodoxy in Russia
In Russia, the division between a ‘folk’/‘ethnic’ and ‘doctrinal’ Islam is linked to the Soviet attempts to weaken scholarly religious knowledge. Today, similar to various regions of the Muslim world, certain Tatar Muslims with the madhhab system (Muslim schools of jurisprudence), engage in constructing a localised orthodoxy, an Islamic orthodoxy based on the universal foundations of Islam, while striving to integrate folk customs and traditions of ‘traditional Islam’ that formerly were denounced as state-loyal piety.
The book deals with the historical process of the spread of Islam in the territory of the modern Russian Federation, and partly the republics of the former Soviet Union, characterized by the features of traditional Russian Islam. It also assesses the development of interaction and cooperation between Russia and the states of the Organization of Islamic Solidarity and other international associations of islamic states. The existing problems and prospects of development of relations between Russia and the world Muslim community are studied.
The book focuses on the network of the Genoese colonies in the Black Sea area and their diverse multi-ethnic societies. The Genoese colonies in Crimea existed during the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries and attracted a broad variety of immigrants from the Mediterranean.
A number of papers on the sociology of Islam are based on an assumption about the domination of a negative, or at least “problematic” nature of Islam. Many authors connect such image with terrorism, violence and migration. A securitization of Islam occurs not only in the media, but even in academic research through reproducing the Orientalist approach. Despite the fact that the narrative of Islamophobia is firmly entrenched in many types of discourse about Islam, the simple question remains unanswered: how is this happening? In this paper we try to answer this question by studying the materials of the Russian media. What are the mechanisms of creating the discourse of Islamophobia? How is the opposition of traditional and radical Islam being created? How important is the agenda of the Islam experts our in forging knowledge about Islam? The main goal of this work is to show the mechanism that makes Islamophobia a hegemonic discourse in the Russian media.
This article is talking about state management and cultural policy, their nature and content in term of the new tendency - development of postindustrial society. It mentioned here, that at the moment cultural policy is the base of regional political activity and that regions can get strong competitive advantage if they are able to implement cultural policy successfully. All these trends can produce elements of new economic development.