Обучение и образование взрослых в контексте экономического развития регионов
The article is devoted to the identification of key factors that influence the educational activity of working citizens and the establishment of the role of adults educational programs and vocational education and trainings (AE&VET) in the macroeconomic development of regions and territories. Based on the analysis of the statistical data there was established a correlation between the supplementary education attainment rate and the volume of fixed capital investment per capita in the regions of the Russian Federation, which indicates the leading role of regional investors in the education and training of personnel. In the regions, where the volume of investments is growing, the coverage of the population with the continuous education is also increasing, aiming at the implementation of new technologies at the enterprises being built, which, in its turn, boosts the investment appeal of the territory. The authors formulated and confirmed the hypothesis that due to the launch of the educational programs via investments the labor productivity increases, which, in turn, together with the high correlation coefficients, has a positive impact on the growth rates of wages and gross regional product as a whole. Thus, it was concluded that the differentiation of subjects of the Russian Federation on socio-economic indicators is directly related to the general indicators of the regional AE&VET systems. It was noted that for the effective development of AE&VET at the current stage in Russia, it is necessary to incentive an active participation of all the stakeholders: the worker himself, the employers, the investors, the regional authorities and the government. Considering the lack of the employers’ willingness to finance the workers’ education and training, the authors justify the need to introduce state programs stimulating additional education, including budget certificates. The main provisions and conclusions of the article can be used for the development of the regional AE&VET-systems in the interests of ensuring the economic growth as well as the investment appeal of the territory.