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Article

Начало «Черных тетрадей»: эзотерическая инициатива Мартина Хайдеггера

Социологическое обозрение. 2018. Т. 17. № 2. С. 62-86.

This paper presents the hermeneutic interpretation of the first records of Martin Heidegger’s Black notebooks („Reflections II–VI”, October 1931). Heidegger’s “Esoteric initiative” is reconstructed and compared with Nietzsche’s critique of reading and writing and Plato’s parable of the cave. Other related texts of Heidegger are also analyzed: the lecture Vom Wesen der Wahrheit (1931/32 and 1933/34) and his correspondence with E. Blochmann and his brother Fritz, which cover the Heidegger’s period of 1930s – 1940s. Additionally, denial of the academic and scientific way of writing in Heidegger’s work is discussed. The methodological problem lies in the fact that there is no mindfulness of the esoteric gesture in Heidegger’s thinking, and, paradoxically, the whole research of Heidegger’s philosophy is separated from the openness of thinking that we can learn from Heidegger himself. Therefore, the critical awareness of Heidegger’s esoteric initiative provides an opportunity to acknowledge the philosophical (rational) dimension of this initiative, which is a consistent thread running through the great majority of Heidegger’s texts. The article examines the arrangement of Heidegger’s message and focusses on fundamental constants of the life and thinking experience that enable the knowledge of truth and staying in the truth. These constants include solitude (Einsamkeit), vivid correspondence between thinking and Being, expressed through the cordiality (Innigkeit) and continued insistence (Inständigkeit), silence (Schweigen), and concentration (Sammlung). Finally, the article explains Heidegger’s notion of truth in compliance with his esoteric initiative.