Практический психолог как посредник. Психологическая работа с организационными конфликтами
The article discusses of one of the difficult areas in professional practical work business psychologist. Among the professional competencies of the business psy-chologist, the conflict competence is also, as a rule, expected from others. This type of activities is considered here in the context of the three main forms of group psychologi-cal work – facilitation, moderation and mediation. Organizational conflict mediation is in a focus of our attention. Summarizes and analyzes modern views on the nature of so-cial conflicts, as well as to work with them. Particular attention is paid to the process-oriented approach in psychology and psychotherapy (Arnold and Amy Mindell, Max and Ellen Schupbach, & Standford Siver). Under this approach, the principle of “deep democracy” is embodied in the «world work» method into the area of organizational conflict. «World work» is organically woven into the social technology “open forum” aimed at the search for social cohesion.
The collection reflects the discussion of the bill on mediation in labour disputes recently proposed in Turkey. The discussion was organised in the form of an international conference held by the Turkish Association of Labour Law and Social Security Law and the Turkish Confederation of Employers Associations.
The article considers the resistance value of the parties in negotiations and mediation, are the main reasons for resistance. And offer methods of work with resistance aimed at the effective conclusion of the negotiations.
The article is dedicated to one of the alternative means of resolving disputes - mediation in administrative disputes. The author analyzes the history and achievements of the international and Russian legislation and discuss the feasibility of the use of mediation in the field of Russian administrative law.
One of the tasks of the system of chambers of commerce and industry of the Russian Federation is to promote the spread of mediation practice and consolidation of the community of mediators. Today, in the overwhelming majority of regions of Russia, mediation finds a response from potential users, and this is due to the initiative and enthusiasm of representatives of the mediator community. The abstracts included in this collection are a reflection of the work carried out in the field of mediation and alternative dispute resolution in Russia. The issues and tasks facing the mediation community are largely the same regardless of the regions.
The chapter in a monograph gives an insight into the key problems and most recent tendencies of the law and practice of mediation in Russia. Russia already has detailed federal legislation governing mediation. Also, mediation has been practised in Russia for years, even when such legislation was not in force. Furthermore, Russian law governing mediation is in rapid development. Thus current Russian experience can be of interest to legislators and practitioners from many countries which also face problems with case overload in the state courts.
The article envisages the role of mediation in the dispute settlement mechanism in the World Trade Organization. It shows an example of a dispute from the WTO practice and shows how mediation can be useful for reaching a mutually satisfactory solutions even in highly complicated international economic controversies.
The present monograph is the outcome of years of researches on media, anthropologic theory and modern philosophy by the team of the sector of analytic anthropology. A broad range of issues and the varying of approaches, which are presented in the book, are integrated by a common subject of mediation. The study covers the following three key points: the first is related to the representation of mediation as a total phenomenon of social life; the second is focused on dealing with the mediator as an actor of multiple and complex relations with Other; and the third reflects mediation as an action leading to the stable or unstable form of relations between the separated elements of any possible whole. Each of the articles, essays, and notes, represented by the monograph, includes these three points that allow to establish the terms for the investigation and to create opportunities for synthesis of the results. The articles of the monograph are conditionally grouped into three chapters: Theory, Programme, and Archive, reflecting the methodology and stylistics of the approach to investigation of mediation.
Students' internet usage attracts the attention of many researchers in different countries. Differences in internet penetration in diverse countries lead us to ask about the interaction of medium and culture in this process. In this paper we present an analysis based on a sample of 825 students from 18 Russian universities and discuss findings on particularities of students' ICT usage. On the background of the findings of the study, based on data collected in 2008-2009 year during a project "A сross-cultural study of the new learning culture formation in Germany and Russia", we discuss the problem of plagiarism in Russia, the availability of ICT features in Russian universities and an evaluation of the attractiveness of different categories of ICT usage and gender specifics in the use of ICT.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The results of cross-cultural research of implicit theories of innovativeness among students and teachers, representatives of three ethnocultural groups: Russians, the people of the North Caucasus (Chechens and Ingushs) and Tuvinians (N=804) are presented. Intergroup differences in implicit theories of innovativeness are revealed: the ‘individual’ theories of innovativeness prevail among Russians and among the students, the ‘social’ theories of innovativeness are more expressed among respondents from the North Caucasus, Tuva and among the teachers. Using the structural equations modeling the universal model of values impact on implicit theories of innovativeness and attitudes towards innovations is constructed. Values of the Openness to changes and individual theories of innovativeness promote the positive relation to innovations. Results of research have shown that implicit theories of innovativeness differ in different cultures, and values make different impact on the attitudes towards innovations and innovative experience in different cultures.