Knowledge Intensive Business Services: the Russian Experience
Knowledge-Intensive Business Services (KIBS) are seen to be a core sector of the so-called
'knowledge economy', and already play an important role in developed economies. The
KIBS providers are both innovate themselves and provide their clients with knowledge and
learning opportunities. This paper examines the status of KIBS in Russia, and explores
some key issues in their role in innovation using data from surveys of KIBS firms and their
The paper focuses on knowledge-intensive business services (KIBS) to study the determinants of the successful value creation. We argue that value creation is not always efficient: the value of services could be lost due to an inefficient absorptive capacity of service consumers, who must be value adders together with providers due to the nature of services. The origins of inefficiency are elucidated by a thorough study of the interaction between KIBS producers and consumers (co-production). The methodology includes the study of observable patterns in Russian KIBS sector performancein2007-13 obtained from specialised surveys of Russian executives who were asked to answer questions both on their own company and on market developments. We provide both cross-section and generalised analysis of survey data.
Building on a problem‐solving perspective to value creation and capture, and on the business strategy literature, we argue that the actions that knowledge‐intensive business service (KIBS) firms take to identify, select and solve client problems will affect their approach to capturing value from innovation. We apply regression analysis to data from an original survey involving a sample of 230 innovations introduced by 150 publicly traded UK and US KIBS firms. Distinguishing between cost‐ and differentiation‐oriented KIBS firms, we find that cost‐oriented firms tend to place more importance on all appropriability mechanisms than do differentiation‐oriented firms. Furthermore, the perceived importance of formal appropriability mechanisms, relative to that of all appropriability mechanisms, tends to be higher for cost‐oriented than for differentiation‐oriented firms. This association is stronger for the case of the introduction of process (rather than product) innovation. These findings contribute to the strategy and service innovation literatures, by showing that KIBS firms’ competitive strategies influence value capture, over and above the role of the innovation‐, industry‐ and institutional‐level factors examined in earlier studies.
Knowledge intensive business services (KIBS) are special in that they rely on knowledge exchange between service providers and consumers and thus intensive cooperation between the two parties is essential at all stages. This implies approaches to find the “right” provider may have to differ from those used in the sector of more homogeneous services and goods. Public procurement regulation aims to improve competitiveness, yet does this help efficiency in the procurement of KIBS? Legislative constraints on the types of admissible public procurement mechanisms may have an undesirable effect on the provider selection, meaning that services may not be purchased from the most efficient or the most suitable provider. As a benchmark, private consumers are unconstrained in their choice of KIBS providers. We exploit this difference to study the efficiency of KIBS purchases by the public sector, as compared to that in the private sector. Using the 2007 and 2011 waves of a unique survey of KIBS consumers in Russia, we find, inter alia, that the public sector reports lower satisfaction from KIBS and admits a lower level of co-production than the private sector. Our main recommendations refer to the optimal choice of public procurement methods.
Knowledge-intensive business services (KIBS) significantly contribute to the economic growth and competitive advantage of emerging markets, including Silk Road countries. KIBS are not only intermediaries that transfer knowledge through the economy but are also innovators themselves. This paper aims to explore how major innovation drivers influence the implementation of innovation in KIBS. Using a sample of 519 KIBS enterprises from Russia, the results show that human capital increases the implementation of technological innovation, while the link between standardisation and technological innovations is nonlinear (an inverted U-shaped). In addition, the multiregional branch network promotes the implementation of all types of innovation, while advertising investments enhance the implementation of technological and marketing ones. These results help to provide some practical suggestions for both innovation managers and policy-makers.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.