Доверие как модератор связи отношения к этническому многообразию и аккультурационных ожиданий принимающего населения
This paper is devoted to the study of the political thought of Nikolay Karamzin. It is focused on his notions of trust and happiness.
This paper is devoted to the study of the degree of trust (and distrust) in Russia, and to the assessment of the possible impact of trust on the level of the economic development of Russia. The level of social trust in Russia is lower than in many developed countries. The armed forces and the church are the most trusted institutions in Russia; besides that, political trust is quite strong, especially the trust in the president. At the same time, the business, especially private, is still experiencing considerable mistrust from Russians. The estimations confirmed the existence of the relationship between trust and the level of economic development in different countries. The gap between Russia and a number of developed countries in terms of GDP per capita may be significantly connected to the continuing distrust within society.
This paper considers the key opportunities of upward residential mobility Petersburg families have and the major risks they face. It analyzes such core factors influencing Petersburgers’ opportunities of strategic planning and, in the long run, the improvement of their living facilities as the situation in the labor market as well as individual professional and employment horizons. It also demonstrates how members of Petersburg families interpret the situations of uncertainty shaped by the general instability of the labor market as well as their personal labor precarity, narrate the risks associated with the procurement of lodgings, especially through residential mortgage, and attempt to cope with these risks.
In this paper examines the effects of low socioeconomic status in adulthood and in childhood on psychological characteristics, such as individual values, self-efficacy, self-esteem, psychological well-being and trust. The sample included people with low socio-economic status (namely poors) (N=162) and non-poor (N=188). Measurement of children's socio-economic status was carried out by retrospective assessment. The results showed that values and self-esteem differ depending on the adult SES. The results revealed the significant effect of adult and childhood SES for trust and life satisfaction. The analysis revealed that adult status had a significant impact on trust only in the groups of those who did not experience poverty in childhood, i.e. the group with average levels of wealth in childhood, and the wealthy group. In conclusion, our study revealed the impact of childhood and adult SES on various individual psychological characteristics.