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  • Анализ муниципальных образований в контексте развития федеральных особо охраняемых природных территорий

Article

Анализ муниципальных образований в контексте развития федеральных особо охраняемых природных территорий

Аладышкина А. С., Лакшина В. В., Леонова Л. А.

Creating federal specially protected natural areas (FSPNA) is one of the most effective forms of environmental management, which is able to maintain biological and landscape diversity. But the process of FSPNA territory expansion should be governed by a comprehensive assessment of the need to increase the area withdrawn from economic land use. The assessment includes not only the study of territory’s biodiversity value, but also a comprehensive socio-economic analysis of the area under consideration. Using methods of statistical analysis and descriptive statistics we explored the possibility of Rosstat municipalities’ data and other publicly available data, to evaluate the effects of FSPNA creation and development. A methodology for constructing an integral characteristic of a municipality is proposed to develop a socio-economic justification for the organization (or development) of FSPNA. The integral characteristic is built on the basis of the principle component analysis, which is used to assess the sustainable development level of the territories and for data visualization. Nizhny Novgorod region was taken as a research object, since it has a unique set of ecosystems located on its territory. Municipalities of the Nizhny Novgorod region, which are promising for the nature protection activitiesб including development of FSPNA, have been identified. They include a number of municipal entities that previously confirmed their willingness to cooperate. The results of the work can be applied in carrying out similar studies in other regions of the Russian Federation.