Эколого-экономическое моделирование влияния окружающей среды на заболеваемость подрастающего поколения на примере Нижегородской области
The younger generation is the demographic, socio-economic and labor potential of the society. Quality of labor resources directly depends upon health status of this population group and is one of the most important components of the country's resource potential. In this regard, a thorough analysis of the pediatric health status determinants is a topical issue.
Currently, within the context of a stable ecological imbalance, factors reflecting environmental situation are one of the essential determinants of the pediatric health.
The purpose of the study is to analyze influence of environmental factors on health of children aged 0 to 14 years exemplified by the Nizhny Novgorod region. The object of modeling was incidence rate in children aged 0 to 14 in 50 municipalities of the Nizhny Novgorod region in 2000-2016.
The study used methods of econometric analysis, including panel regression with fixed and random effects, as well as Wooldridge tests for the unobserved effects and Darbin-Woo-Hausman for the regressions’ diagnostics. Calculations were carried out on the basis of the data of the Nizhny Novgorod Statistics Service and Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation.
Results of the model estimation suggest a statistically significant effect of the considered factors on the level of the pediatric incidence rate. Factors that have a significant impact on health of the younger generation include availability of pediatricians and district doctors providing outpatient primary health care to children aged 0-14; current expenditures on environmental protection; proportion of unpurified emissions in the total amount of pollutants discarded from the stationary sources; emissions of pollutants into atmosphere from the stationary sources; number of water samples analyzed according to sanitary-chemical indicators taken from sources of the centralized water supply with a breakdown on districts, that do not meet the sanitary standards. The obtained econometric model can be used to predict pediatric incidence in relation to environmental factors to develop programs aimed at improving quality of life of the younger generation.
There is shown the importance of the society scientific enrichment, enlightenment with the anthropological and environmental knowledge, of education and training, to cultivate the feelings of unity, nobleness, justice and equity, ethics and aesthetics, life base common for everyone, including the one of religious view, in the article. Also there are examined some cases, when the scientific, educational or religious activity is accompanied by the dependent condition, which means exploitation, in the work. The author scrutinizes the issues of freedom from such exploitation infringement counteraction, including the criminal law measures.
The purpose of the proceedings is to improve the relationship between climate and environment changes and human activities with specific focus on water related matters. The main themes of the proceedings are:Climate and Hydrology, Water, Environment and Human Activities, Water Related Risks, Integrated Water Resources Management, Ecohydrology & Hydrobiology, Computing and Technologies in Water sector
This paper analyzes the role of education in economic growth with special focus on countries with high participation in tertiary education. The practical challenge that this conceptual paper is trying to address is that global economic growth is decreasing in the last decades – especially in developed countries.
In this work the demand for the incoming tourism in the Russian Federation is modeling. The panel data for 16 countries - the basic sources of tourist streams - and the period with 2000 for 2009 are used. Modeling is spent separately for each of 10 tourist zones of Russia. In quality a determinant of demand there are considered a total national product in a country of origin, the exchange rate, transport charges, cost of residing, lag of the demand variable and the fictitious variables reflecting influence of shocks in quality a determinants of demand. The received estimations of dynamic models of demand correspond to expectations, are statistically significant and can be useful in practice of planning of development of entrance tourism in various municipal formations and regions of Russia.
This special publication for the 2012 New Delhi Summit is a collection of articles by government officials from BRICS countries, representatives of international organizations, businessmen and leading researchers.
The list of Russian contributors includes Sergei Lavrov, Foreign Minister of Russia, Maxim Medvedkov, Director of the Trade Negotiations Department of the Russian Ministry of Economic Development, Vladimir Dmitriev, Vnesheconombank Chairman, Alexander Bedritsky, advisor to the Russian President, VadimLukov, Ambassador-at-large of the Russian Foreign Affairs Ministry, and representatives of the academic community.
The publication also features articles by the President of Kazakhstan NursultanNazarbayev and internationally respected economist Jim O’Neil, who coined the term “BRIC”. In his article Jim O’Neil speculates about the future of the BRICS countries and the institution as a whole.
The publication addresses important issues of the global agenda, the priorities of BRICS and the Indian Presidency, the policies and competitive advantages of the participants, as well as BRICS institutionalization, enhancing efficiency and accountability of the forum.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.