• A
  • A
  • A
  • ABC
  • ABC
  • ABC
  • А
  • А
  • А
  • А
  • А
Regular version of the site

Article

Факторы научной продуктивности и проблемы ее оценки

Литвинова Л. И.

The article is a review of a research into academic productivity factors and approaches to its evaluation. The search for mechanisms of evaluating and managing academic staff productivity is an important challenge for research administrators and academic funds executives. Existing publications on academic productivity cover mainly two aspects: 1) methodology of productivity measurement and 2) factors negatively and positively influencing productivity of academic staff. This article presents main ideas of bibliometric approach to productivity measurement, different productivity indicators are classified and discussed. Factors influencing productivity are subdivided into three levels: individual (age, cooperation with colleagues, interdisciplinarity, internationalization, mobility and inbreeding, educational background and initial professional experience; marital status, gender); organizational (financing, organizational culture, bonus system, access to resources, prestige of an organization) and institutional (level of economic development of the country, political factors, religion). The article discusses an opportunity of considering different factors in administrative policy.