Эффективность деятельности учреждений культуры: анализ показателей и обзор методик оценки
The article is dedicated to the problem of performance measurement of cultural organizations. The author outlines the main approaches to the concept of “performance” applicable to the cultural sphere and describes the trends that explain the necessity for performance measurement of cultural organizations. The trends are further illustrated through a panel study of theatrical institutions in North-West Russia. The author analyzes economic performance indicators of theatres in 2012-2016, such as various indicators of financial performance, expenses, attendance, revenues, etc. The article also contains an overview of different methods used by Russian and international scholars in performance measurement of cultural organizations.
The participation of the Moscow theatres at the work of the front and artisctical teams within the Great Patriotic War as at the front as well as in the rear: the types of the teams and the forms of their work are described in hospitals and agitation points.
This article provides evidence about the influence of performance measurement criteria on the choice of enforcement targets by law enforcement authorities, utilizing a rich dataset of decisions by the Russian competition authority in the period 2008–2015. The authors provide a comparative analysis of performance measurement by several competition authorities throughout the world. Then a hypothesis is tested suggesting that a competition authority, motivated by the criterion of “enforcement success,” tends to select relatively easy implemented enforcement targets, which lead to decisions with relatively low probability of being annulled if appealed. This is so, even though other enforcement targets would generate superior welfare effects. Thus, our analysis indicates that putting undue emphasis on “enforcement success” as a performance criterion may not lead to desirable welfare outcomes.
Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA), a linear programming technique, is becoming increasingly popular in management studies. A variety of extensions have been proposed since its first introduction in the late 1970s, and lately, the idea of using the tool for clustering data has received some attention in the literature. We have further extended the idea of DEA-based clustering by introducing the notion of clustering by DEA-generated vector, with some useful applications in non-homogeneous samples, data with unclear theoretical structure, or as an explanatory tool. We demonstrate how these techniques can be used in management on a sample from education industry.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.