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Article

Политические элиты страны БРИК: опыт сравнительного анализа

Власть и элиты. 2014. Т. 1. С. 56-69.

The dynamic development of the BRICS countries not only amazes the imagination of researchers, but encourages them to turn to the analysis of the power groups of these countries, because despite all the differences in the systems of recruiting and rotatins, they have anaged to achieve economic success. Elites are a key element of the management system, which plays a decisive role in any state of the system, and even more at the stage of its significant transformation. Exactly the transformation in the BRICS countries was the process of modernization in the late twentieth and early twenty-first century, which resulted in a significant increase in the economic power and political influence of the countries in this group. At the same time, the system of formation of elites in the BRICS countries is not just different: they contrast dramatically and historically, which is not accidental: the BRIC member states vary enormously in historical genesis and social experience, models of political development and social structure, economic development and foreign policy priorities. This circumstance prompts the author of this article to turn to a comparative analysis, for, as G.-V.-F. Hegel, the essence is best recognized when crossing its limits. Comparison of the four BRIC members is a methodologically challenging task, since the problem of comparability common to comparative political science takes on particular urgency in connection with the nonobviousness of the grounds and comparison criteria in this case. The author examines the specifics of the recruitment and rotation of political elites, which enabled them to become key actors of modernization in the BRICS countries. The accession to the group of the Republic of South Africa in 2011 was added to the abbreviation "S". In this article, the analysis will be carried out in respect with the "first composition", without South Africa.