NbN single-photon detectors with saturated dependence of quantum efficiency
The possibility of creating NbN superconducting single-photon detectors with saturated dependence of quantum efficiency (QE) versus normalized bias current was investigated. It was shown that the saturation increases for the detectors based on finer films with a lower value of R s300/R s20. The decreasing of R s300/R s20 was related to the increasing influence of quantum corrections to conductivity of superconductors and, in turn, to the decrease of the electron diffusion coefficient. The best samples have a constant value of system QE 94% at I b /I c ~ 0.8 and wavelength 1310 nm.