«Встречный текст» как метод вербализации доминанты реципиента в процессе восприятия иностранного текста
This article presents the results of a psycholinguistic experimental study carried out to investigate comprehension of a foreign language text. This research is based on the "counter-text" method which was suggested and developed by A.I. Novikov and the dominant principle by A.A. Ukhtomsky. We applied the "counter-text" method to identify and verbalize the dominants which are present in mind of those who comprehend the text. We assume that these dominants influence the process of meaning creation. The aim of our experimental study was to find a dominant focus common to a certain group of subjects. We analyzed the reactions of the recipients who were to read two texts – a journalistic and a literary one. The study involved 20 people (philologists, senior school students and technical specialists). The research findings confirm the hypothesis of an "active role of the recipient" and help to explicate the process of meaning creation, reveal its regularities as well as factors influencing it. Analysis of the obtained "counter texts" allows us to conclude that there is a certain "collective" dominant common to all participants of one social group.