Круглый стол – к 30-летию основания ИГАД
On December 6, 2016, the Centre for North African and African Horn Studies of the Institute for African Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences held the roundtable "IGAD and the Role of Regional Organizations in the Resolution of Armed Conflicts".
The participants of the roundtable included researchers from the Institute for African Studies, the International Centre for African Studies (Khartoum, Sudan), Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow State Institute of International Relations, as well as representatives of African diplomatic missions. The themes included the role of IGAD in regional integration, its role in the settlement of the conflicts in Sudan and South Sudan, interests of global actors in the region, prospects for the establishment of a regional peacekeeping forces, etc.
The participants of the roundtable agreed that the main prerequisite for the resolution of conflict and crisis situations in Northeast Africa is concerted efforts of the governments of most of the countries of the region. The deployment and strengthening of IGAD's Regional Protection Force may serve as a serious step towards the stabilization of the region by Africans themselves.
The authors discuss why conflicts emerge and how they are settled in different African regions and countries. Prospects for their peaceful resolution are studied. Basing on case studies, the authors propose theoretical approaches to conflicts.
This chapter describes basic approaches to the study of socio-psychological climate of the organization and its structural components and the formation factors, discussed problems of diagnosis of socio-psychological climate and its relationship to job satisfaction and efficiency of joint activities. General description of the conflicts in the organization, their typology and the main methods of conflict resolution are presented.
Not all the questions related to the protection of right to life in armed conflicts have become subject of consideration of the international judicial and quasi-judicial bodies. Nonetheless already existing case-law allows to draw a conclusion that the role of International Human Rights Law in regulation of right to life has been changing, at least, in respect of non-international armed conflicts. These changes by their nature reflect the process of integration between norms of International Humanitarian and Human Rights Law, which leads to the strengthening of human rights protection in the specific circumstances of armed conflicts.
The article deals with the sociocultural aspects of federalism and East African integration. There is an observation of federalization issues on the national and regional level. A special attention is focused on the politics in present-day Kenya and Tanzania. The paper contains the analysis of the ethnoregional decentralization as a new political regime in Kenya as well as the changes of Tanzanian governmental desing, pursuing an updated status of Zanzibar in the Union system and following federalization. The author evaluates the current state of affairs in the East African Community, dealing with the issue of would-be political federation and new regional identity.
Decisions of the European Court of Human Rights made a contribution to the development of the theoretical conceptions describing relationship between International Humanitarian Law and International Human Rights Law by specifying direction to a wider application of human rights norms regulating right to life in armed conflicts. This article deals with three main directions of this development: firstly, the strengthening of examination in sphere of fulfillment by states of their negative obligations concerning right to life, secondly, specification of duties on preventive measures serving for protection of civil persons and objects, and, thirdly, enlargement of the scope of application of the obligation on prosecution of lethal cases in armed conflicts.
The article deals with the processes of building the information society and security in the CIS in accordance with modern conditions. The main objective is to review existing mechanisms for the formation of a common information space in the Eurasian region, regarded as one of the essential aspects of international integration. The theoretical significance of the work is to determine the main controls of the regional information infrastructure, improved by the development of communication features in a rapid process.The practical component consists in determining the future policies of the region under consideration in building the information society. The study authors used historical-descriptive approach and factual analysis of events having to do with drawing the contours of today's global information society in the regional refraction.
The main result is the fact that the development of information and communication technologies, and network resources leads to increased threats of destabilization of the socio-political situation in view of the emergence of multiple centers that generate the ideological and psychological background. Keeping focused information policy can not be conceived without the collective participation of States in the first place, members of the group leaders of integration - Russia, Belarus and Kazakhstan. Currently, only produced a comprehensive approach to security in the information field in the Eurasian region, but the events in the world, largely thanks to modern technology, make the search for an exit strategy with a much higher speed. The article contributes to the science of international relations, engaging in interdisciplinary thinking that is associated with a transition period in the development of society. A study of current conditions in their relation to the current socio-political patterns of the authors leads to conclusions about the need for cooperation with the network centers of power in the modern information environment, the formation of alternative models of networking, especially in innovation and scientific and technical areas of information policy, and expanding the integration of the field in this region on the information content.
This special publication for the 2012 New Delhi Summit is a collection of articles by government officials from BRICS countries, representatives of international organizations, businessmen and leading researchers.
The list of Russian contributors includes Sergei Lavrov, Foreign Minister of Russia, Maxim Medvedkov, Director of the Trade Negotiations Department of the Russian Ministry of Economic Development, Vladimir Dmitriev, Vnesheconombank Chairman, Alexander Bedritsky, advisor to the Russian President, VadimLukov, Ambassador-at-large of the Russian Foreign Affairs Ministry, and representatives of the academic community.
The publication also features articles by the President of Kazakhstan NursultanNazarbayev and internationally respected economist Jim O’Neil, who coined the term “BRIC”. In his article Jim O’Neil speculates about the future of the BRICS countries and the institution as a whole.
The publication addresses important issues of the global agenda, the priorities of BRICS and the Indian Presidency, the policies and competitive advantages of the participants, as well as BRICS institutionalization, enhancing efficiency and accountability of the forum.