Историческая память горского «хищничества» в аварской «Песне о Хочбаре»
Based on a comparative linguistic and historical analysis of the famous Avar ballad about the brave bandit Khochbar, who was burned alive by the perfidious khan Khunzakh, the author examines the changing relations between power and violence as well as historical memory of social banditry in premodern Mountain Daghestan. After the establishment of the Russian colonial administration by the mid-19th century traditional male unions of Muslim highlanders became outlaws and gradually disappeared, their military chieftains having turned into criminals. In people’s cultural memory this shift is reflected in the new image of a noble bandit like a Muslim Robin Hood. The paper also includes a new Russian translation of the song of Khochbar and its detailed historical comments.