Военно-техническое сотрудничество Японии с иностранными государствами и интересы России
Military industrial complex played a leading role in technological development during several post-World War II decades in all major economies. Many technological innovations became possible primarily because of a generous financial and organization support from the government. Large defense contracts facilitated an establishment and a rapid growth of high-tech industries (information and communication industry, in particular), and an accelerated 50 transfer of advanced technologies from defense to civil sector of the economy. However, the last two decades have seen a clear reverse trend: military industrial complex in the leading developed countries has become increasingly dependent on different innovation products and solutions generated by non-defense private companies. This paper examines the main determinants and factors which influenced this process with the example of the United States. Special attention is paid to demonstrating a transformation of technological innovation cooperation between the key players in the defense and civil sectors of the U.S. economy, including defense acquisition reforms and emergence of new mechanisms of public-private partnerships between defense and civil companies in the implementation of long-term collaborative projects.
The article deals with the processes of building the information society and security in the CIS in accordance with modern conditions. The main objective is to review existing mechanisms for the formation of a common information space in the Eurasian region, regarded as one of the essential aspects of international integration. The theoretical significance of the work is to determine the main controls of the regional information infrastructure, improved by the development of communication features in a rapid process.The practical component consists in determining the future policies of the region under consideration in building the information society. The study authors used historical-descriptive approach and factual analysis of events having to do with drawing the contours of today's global information society in the regional refraction.
The main result is the fact that the development of information and communication technologies, and network resources leads to increased threats of destabilization of the socio-political situation in view of the emergence of multiple centers that generate the ideological and psychological background. Keeping focused information policy can not be conceived without the collective participation of States in the first place, members of the group leaders of integration - Russia, Belarus and Kazakhstan. Currently, only produced a comprehensive approach to security in the information field in the Eurasian region, but the events in the world, largely thanks to modern technology, make the search for an exit strategy with a much higher speed. The article contributes to the science of international relations, engaging in interdisciplinary thinking that is associated with a transition period in the development of society. A study of current conditions in their relation to the current socio-political patterns of the authors leads to conclusions about the need for cooperation with the network centers of power in the modern information environment, the formation of alternative models of networking, especially in innovation and scientific and technical areas of information policy, and expanding the integration of the field in this region on the information content.