Факторы, определяющие избыточную доходность портфеля ценных бумаг паевых инвестиционных фондов
This article proposes a new extended approach to identifying the economic determinants of the performance of Russian mutual funds. The purpose of this study is to identify the factors that affect mutual funds’ excess return, both in the aggregate form (for the Russian mutual fund market in general, i.e. broad categories of funds with different underlying assets types), and for specific mutual funds (i.e. the specific performance indicators of individual funds). The conventional analysis scheme is extended by two stages: first, by analysing the momentum-effect (simple and risk-adjusted) using the Carhart model; and secondly, by testing the hypothesis on the coefficients significance using the bootstrap-method, which allows one to analyse the excess return of specific, individual mutual funds. Data from a sample of 667 Russian mutual funds for the period from 2000 to 2016 was analysed. The study revealed the following results. Investors can rely on historical data when selecting Russian mutual funds (the momentum factor is significant). Adjustment for risk improves the results (Treynor and Sharpe measures seem to cope best of all). The α Carhart coefficient is significant for only 7% of the sample, and thus it does not make sense to employ it in further analysis for every fund. The excess returns in the regression with funds’ characteristics are suitable to be set apart by the α Carhart coefficient and the benchmark estimation, which significantly refines the obtained results and improves the quality of the model.
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The article presents the results of the research regarding abnormal return in M&A domestic and cross-border deals completed by Russian mining and metal companies. Contrary to earlier studies that found positive abnormal return of international mergers and acquisitions, our research revealed that cross-border deals performed by Russian metallurgical companies show negative abnormal return. Financial multiples of cross-border transactions are higher than that of domestic deals, which points to overpayment of Russian acquirers when buying assets abroad. In addition market discourages deal targeting financially distressed companies, as well as acquisitions of targets from culturally distant countries. One interesting finding of the research is that the most active cross-border acquirer – Severstal JSC – more often purchases financially distressed targets and generally demonstrates lower cumulative abnormal return compared to other Russian mining and metal companies.
The article presents the results of the research regarding abnormal return in M&A deals with private and public targets in emerging markets. The research was devoted to empirical verification of the dependence of buyer's abnormal return on the factors determining private target discount, as well as excess premium paid for the target compared to average industry multiples. Private target discount was defined as the difference between the deal value and the price calculated based on average multiples of comparable public companies. In addition the ability of the market to differentiate deals with wrong motivation, in particular transactions aimed at bootstrapping, was analyzed.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.