Факторы, определяющие избыточную доходность портфеля ценных бумаг паевых инвестиционных фондов
This article proposes a new extended approach to identifying the economic determinants of the performance of Russian mutual funds. The purpose of this study is to identify the factors that affect mutual funds’ excess return, both in the aggregate form (for the Russian mutual fund market in general, i.e. broad categories of funds with different underlying assets types), and for specific mutual funds (i.e. the specific performance indicators of individual funds). The conventional analysis scheme is extended by two stages: first, by analysing the momentum-effect (simple and risk-adjusted) using the Carhart model; and secondly, by testing the hypothesis on the coefficients significance using the bootstrap-method, which allows one to analyse the excess return of specific, individual mutual funds. Data from a sample of 667 Russian mutual funds for the period from 2000 to 2016 was analysed. The study revealed the following results. Investors can rely on historical data when selecting Russian mutual funds (the momentum factor is significant). Adjustment for risk improves the results (Treynor and Sharpe measures seem to cope best of all). The α Carhart coefficient is significant for only 7% of the sample, and thus it does not make sense to employ it in further analysis for every fund. The excess returns in the regression with funds’ characteristics are suitable to be set apart by the α Carhart coefficient and the benchmark estimation, which significantly refines the obtained results and improves the quality of the model.
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The article presents the results of the research regarding abnormal return in M&A domestic and cross-border deals completed by Russian mining and metal companies. Contrary to earlier studies that found positive abnormal return of international mergers and acquisitions, our research revealed that cross-border deals performed by Russian metallurgical companies show negative abnormal return. Financial multiples of cross-border transactions are higher than that of domestic deals, which points to overpayment of Russian acquirers when buying assets abroad. In addition market discourages deal targeting financially distressed companies, as well as acquisitions of targets from culturally distant countries. One interesting finding of the research is that the most active cross-border acquirer – Severstal JSC – more often purchases financially distressed targets and generally demonstrates lower cumulative abnormal return compared to other Russian mining and metal companies.
The article presents the results of the research regarding abnormal return in M&A deals with private and public targets in emerging markets. The research was devoted to empirical verification of the dependence of buyer's abnormal return on the factors determining private target discount, as well as excess premium paid for the target compared to average industry multiples. Private target discount was defined as the difference between the deal value and the price calculated based on average multiples of comparable public companies. In addition the ability of the market to differentiate deals with wrong motivation, in particular transactions aimed at bootstrapping, was analyzed.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.