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Article

Propagation and Generation of Electromagnetic Waves at Proton Gyrofrequencies in a Relativistic Electron-Positron Plasma. II. Excitation of Electromagnetic Waves

Беспалов П. А., Zheleznyakov V.

In part I of this work [1], we study the dispersion characteristics of low-frequency waves in a relativistic electron–positron plasma. In part II, we examine the electromagnetic wave instability in this plasma caused by an admixture of nonrelativistic protons with energy comparable with the energy of relativistic low-mass particles. The instability occurs in the frequency band between the fundamental harmonic of proton gyrofrequency and the fundamental harmonic of relativistic electron gyrofrequency. The results can be used for the interpretation of known observations of the pulsar emissions obtained with a high time and frequency resolution. The considered instability can probably be the initial stage of the microwave radio emission nanoshots typical of the pulsar in the Crab Nebula. © 2016, Springer Science+Business Media New York.