Религиозное учение Никколо Макиавелли в современных интерпретациях: сравнительный анализ
This paper outlines the most essential aspects of Machiavelli’s religious concept and analyzes the key interpretations of it. The major ones are republicanism and straussianism. Republicanism emerged during the Enlightenment, while straussianism was developed only in the middle of XX century. Nevertheless, it should be noticed that both interpretations have origins in the Enlightenment because Leo Strauss practically renovate Machiavelli’s philosophy criticism of this time. Republicanism declares that Machiavelli is “a founder of republican humanism language”, who laid the foundations of the modern republican discourse. On the contrary, straussians blame Machiavelli for anti-religiousness and amorality, stating that Machiavelli’s philosophy became indirect cause of all modern political problem. Both research traditions try to analyze Machiavelli’s religious thought. Recently republicanism became more influential then straussianism due to works of Maurizio Viroli «Machiavelli» (1998) and «Machiavelli’s God» (2010), where he undermines the foundation of straussianism. In this paper the Viroli’s interpretation will be considered and we will try to understand, which interpretation is more developed.