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  • Участие работодателей в подготовке специалистов среднего звена: особенности действующих практик и барьеры для развития

Article

Участие работодателей в подготовке специалистов среднего звена: особенности действующих практик и барьеры для развития

Айзатулина А. Р., Попова С. А.

The article presents the results of a sociological survey aimed at analyzing the views of employers on current and future forms of cooperation with professional educational organizations, as well as identifying barriers that impede the development of partnership between the two institutions. The research is classified as "casestudies", in other words, it analyzes specific situations that allow to get a picture of the processes taking place in this sphere at a qualitative level, to reveal a spectrum of problems of interaction between the labor market and the system of secondary vocational education. Based on the analysis of the materials of in-depth interviews, conclusions are drawn that there are currently no effective mechanisms for integrating employers into the state vocational education system in Russia. Despite the recognition of their decisive role in the training of specialists, employers prefer to participate in the training of personnel in a passive manner, without being responsible for the results of training specialists. It is established that the interaction models offered by the STR system do not meet the personnel policy of employers. In this connection, the training of personnel in VET is considered by employers as a long-term project with high risks of non-return of investments. Presence of own successful practices of training specialists within the corporate system of personnel training also contributes to reducing the interest of employers to cooperate with state educational organizations. To change the situation, it is necessary to ensure effective communication within the framework of the subject of cooperation that brings mutual benefits. Such a subject can be a joint project, the contribution to the implementation of which from the side of the enterprise and college is commensurate with the benefits obtained.