Формирование практики расширения президентских полномочий в условиях генезиса конституционно-правовых основ президентства в России
The formed preconditions of expansion of powers of the Russian President are revealed in the article on the basis of the analysis of evolution of constitutional and legal bases of institute of presidency in Russia, on the examples of concrete normative legal acts and the constitutional justifications there are also characterized the main changes in the field and their influence on the developed relationship between the main branches of the power in the country. The author discussеы the idea of allocation of de facto of institute of the hidden powers as the developed structure of institute of presidency in the Russian Federation and defines the main directions allowing to stabilize its functioning, providing further high-quality evolution.
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.
The article contains the consideration of questions of constitutional and legal interaction of the Russian President and "civil society" in the sphere of protection and ensuring the rights and freedoms of the person and citizen. The results of the analysis consist of constitutional and legal forms and limits of activity of the President of Russia in the sphere of protection and ensuring the rights and freedoms of the person and citizen and civil society in the same area are defined. Concerning to the current state and prospects of development of such interaction the author allocates three main groups of its forms: financial and economic, organizational and stimulating, and, in addition to the constitutional limits, pays attention on so-called "the law on the undesirable organizations" - the powerful legal tool demanding very careful use.