Друг или истина? (к истории афоризма "Amicus Plato..." в Античности)
The article deals with the history of the most famous philosophical aphorism «Plato amicus sed magis amica veritas» («Plato is friend, but truth is more precious»). The author considers the circumstances of the emergence of this aphorism and its fate in the Late Antique period, connected with the commentary activity of Neoplatonist philosophers. The fact of a single mention of the priority of truth before man in the Nicomachean ethics already in Antiquity caused doubt about the involvement of Aristotle in this aphorism. Two versions of its origin are presented in the article: the traditional Aristotelian, which goes back to the treatise of Aristotle Nicomachean ethics, and the alternative, «Platonic», which goes back to a series of dialogues of Plato (Republic, Phaedo etc.) and initiated by the Neoplatonists. The article also provides an analysis of the Aristotelian and Platonic formulations of the aphorism and points out the difference between the research installations behind them.