Twisted zastava and q-Whittacker functions
We implement the program outlined in our earlier paper, extending to the case of nonsimply laced Lie algebras the construction of solutions of q-difference Toda equations from geometry of quasimaps' spaces. To this end we introduce and study the twisted zastava spaces.
This is the third paper in a series which describes a conjectural analogue of the affine Grassmannian for affine Kac-Moody groups (also known as the double affine Grassmannian). The present paper is dedicated to the description of the conjectural analogue of the convolution diagram for the double affine Grassmannian and affine zastava.
Let G be an almost simple simply connected group over C. For a positive element α of the coroot lattice of G let View the MathML source denote the space of maps from P1 to the flag variety B of G sending ∞∈P1 to a fixed point in B of degree α. This space is known to be isomorphic to the space of framed G -monopoles on R3 with maximal symmetry breaking at infinity of charge α. In  a system of (étale, rational) coordinates on Z source is introduced. In this note we compute various known structures on Z source in terms of the above coordinates. As a byproduct we give a natural interpretation of the Gaiotto–Witten superpotential studied in  and relate it to the theory of Whittaker D-modules discussed in .
Let G be an almost simple simply connected group over complex numbers. For a positive element of the coroot lattice of G, we consider the open zastava space of based maps from the projective line to the flag variety of G, having the above prescribed degree. This space is known to be isomorphic to the space of framed eucledian G-monopoles with maximal symmetry breaking at infinity of the above prescribed topological charge. In the previous work of Finkelberg-Kuznetsov-Markarian-Mirkovic, a system of etale rational coordinates on the open zastava was introduced. In this note we compute various known structures on the open zastava in terms of the above coordinates. As a byproduct we give a natural interpretation of the Gaiotto-Witten superpotential and relate it to the theory of Whittaker D-modules developed by D.Gaitsgory.
A model for organizing cargo transportation between two node stations connected by a railway line which contains a certain number of intermediate stations is considered. The movement of cargo is in one direction. Such a situation may occur, for example, if one of the node stations is located in a region which produce raw material for manufacturing industry located in another region, and there is another node station. The organization of freight traﬃc is performed by means of a number of technologies. These technologies determine the rules for taking on cargo at the initial node station, the rules of interaction between neighboring stations, as well as the rule of distribution of cargo to the ﬁnal node stations. The process of cargo transportation is followed by the set rule of control. For such a model, one must determine possible modes of cargo transportation and describe their properties. This model is described by a ﬁnite-dimensional system of diﬀerential equations with nonlocal linear restrictions. The class of the solution satisfying nonlocal linear restrictions is extremely narrow. It results in the need for the “correct” extension of solutions of a system of diﬀerential equations to a class of quasi-solutions having the distinctive feature of gaps in a countable number of points. It was possible numerically using the Runge–Kutta method of the fourth order to build these quasi-solutions and determine their rate of growth. Let us note that in the technical plan the main complexity consisted in obtaining quasi-solutions satisfying the nonlocal linear restrictions. Furthermore, we investigated the dependence of quasi-solutions and, in particular, sizes of gaps (jumps) of solutions on a number of parameters of the model characterizing a rule of control, technologies for transportation of cargo and intensity of giving of cargo on a node station.
Let k be a field of characteristic zero, let G be a connected reductive algebraic group over k and let g be its Lie algebra. Let k(G), respectively, k(g), be the field of k- rational functions on G, respectively, g. The conjugation action of G on itself induces the adjoint action of G on g. We investigate the question whether or not the field extensions k(G)/k(G)^G and k(g)/k(g)^G are purely transcendental. We show that the answer is the same for k(G)/k(G)^G and k(g)/k(g)^G, and reduce the problem to the case where G is simple. For simple groups we show that the answer is positive if G is split of type A_n or C_n, and negative for groups of other types, except possibly G_2. A key ingredient in the proof of the negative result is a recent formula for the unramified Brauer group of a homogeneous space with connected stabilizers. As a byproduct of our investigation we give an affirmative answer to a question of Grothendieck about the existence of a rational section of the categorical quotient morphism for the conjugating action of G on itself.
Let G be a connected semisimple algebraic group over an algebraically closed field k. In 1965 Steinberg proved that if G is simply connected, then in G there exists a closed irreducible cross-section of the set of closures of regular conjugacy classes. We prove that in arbitrary G such a cross-section exists if and only if the universal covering isogeny Ĝ → G is bijective; this answers Grothendieck's question cited in the epigraph. In particular, for char k = 0, the converse to Steinberg's theorem holds. The existence of a cross-section in G implies, at least for char k = 0, that the algebra k[G]G of class functions on G is generated by rk G elements. We describe, for arbitrary G, a minimal generating set of k[G]G and that of the representation ring of G and answer two Grothendieck's questions on constructing generating sets of k[G]G. We prove the existence of a rational (i.e., local) section of the quotient morphism for arbitrary G and the existence of a rational cross-section in G (for char k = 0, this has been proved earlier); this answers the other question cited in the epigraph. We also prove that the existence of a rational section is equivalent to the existence of a rational W-equivariant map T- - - >G/T where T is a maximal torus of G and W the Weyl group.