Накопительные системы пенсионного сбережения: опыт Нидерландов, Дании и Швеции
Importance Funded pension schemes in OECD countries.
Topic Experience of introduction of funded pension systems in the Netherlands, Denmark and Sweden.
Aim The main purpose of the article is to conduct a comparative analysis of existing international practices and methods of involvement of citizens in the mandatory/quasi-mandatory pension systems using experience of OECD countries (for example, Sweden, Denmark and the Netherlands).
Objectives Following this goal, the first part deals with description of mandatory/quasi-mandatory mode of formation of pension plans. Secondly, author analyses and generalizes the experience of the Netherlands, Sweden and Denmark.
Methodology To perform the formulated tasks author uses information, analytical materials and the legal documents of the OECD countries.
Results Based on the analysis of the best international practices of pension schemes’ coverage, the results demonstrate the scientific and methodological foundation for implementation of the best foreign practices of coverage by the mandatory/quasi-mandatory pension schemes in Russia.
Relevance Preparation of proposals in order to stimulate the development of private pension provision in the Russian Federation.
Conclusion Quasi-mandatory model of pension provision can be introduced only if its application provides significant benefits in terms of participation and coverage ratios, efficiency, distribution of risk burden and costs.
The main reason of understanding the population successfulness in professional and everyday life is to analyse its behavioral characteristics. Modern trends show the overrepresentation of infantile traits, or infantilism, in society. Infantilism is a very complicated concept, related to personal and social immaturity. The authors explore the correlation between infantile traits and results in literacy of the Russian Federation sample gained from PIAAC database.
The given report is the result of implementation of the first component of the series of projects under the common title "Improving the use of economic instruments of water management in the Republic of Buryatia (lake Baikal basin)", implemented under the auspices of the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Devlopment (OECD) in support of the water policy dialogue in the Republic of Buryatia in cooperation with the EU Water Initiative. The analytical report contains the results of the analysis of the use of economic instruments of water resources management in the Republic of Buryatia. According to the performed analysis some conclusions were made along with identification of key directions for improving application of instruments for water resources management in the Republic of Buryatia for further development within the framework of the project.
Sustainable development, declared at the World Summit in Rio de Janejro in 1992, gradually became a landmark of economic policy for numerous leading countries of the world. Initiative belongs not only to the states but also to private sector in the form of big companies that wish to demonstrate their sustainability and reliability as partners, including not only financial, but environmental and social successes.
In order to develop common approach for reflecting environmental and social activities in corporate reports an international sr=tandard was developed - Global reporting initiative (GRI).
The main aim of GRI is to attain sustaibnable economy in the global scale when companies ensure reaching of relevant economic, environmental and social indicators, as well as adequate level of management system and transparent reporting.
The article also contain characteristics of environmental component of non-financial reporting according to the international standard.
The paper provides a number of proposed draft operational guidelines for technology measurement and includes a number of tentative technology definitions to be used for statistical purposes, principles for identification and classification of potentially growing technology areas, suggestions on the survey strategies and indicators. These are the key components of an internationally harmonized framework for collecting and interpreting technology data that would need to be further developed through a broader consultation process. A summary of definitions of technology already available in OECD manuals and the stocktaking results are provided in the Annex section.
The authors provide an article-by-article overview of the double tax treaty Russia-Argentina effective as of January 1, 2013.
The paper presents the selected parts of the translation of the Chapter 10 Scenarios for Financial Stability of Tertiary Education of the publication Higher Education to 2030. Volume 2: Globalization published by OECD in 2009. It explores how tertiary education worldwide could develop in financial sustainable manner, providing an overview of the main alternatives for higher education financing today with an emphasis on different allocation models and suggestions on possible future scenarios for higher education financing.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.