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Article

Интенсификатор "до ужаса" в русском языке на пути грамматикализации

Герасимов Д. В.

The paper presents a corpus-driven study of the Russian PP-based degree modifier do uzhasa (lit. ‘to horror’), suggesting a two-stage grammaticalization path. The first stage (presumably, XVIII–XIX c.) involves subjectification, while during the second stage, subjective readings give rise to intensifier readings through conceptual metonymy. Both stages see a host class expansion. This process is motivated by a complex interplay of factors, with analogy playing a major role. Finally, the evolution of do uzhasa is contrasted to that of the English PP-based intensifier to death. While there are obvious similarities, a closer look identifies a number of important differences that are relevant for the development of construction-based typology of language change.