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Оценивание человеческих ресурсов в ходе реализации ресурсной стратегии спортивного клуба

Полякова М. В., Касабов Г. В., Поляков К. Л.

This study deals with the practice of human resource valuation in the professional
command football during the implementation of sport club resource strategy. The choice
of the direction of research is not random. Resource view in the analysis of strategy and
strategy shaping (Barney, 1991) is an effective long term success tool. There are many costs
in the process of resource allocation, in particular during resource valuation, in the market
economy in connection, e.g. costs related to information collection and negotiating. Costs
rise with the globalization of the economy. Therefore, it is important to create and maintain
various institutions to control the level of costs and to study the most common practice of the
resource strategy implementation. Particularly, it is important to study resource valuation
in the context of institutional environment given the heterogeneity of markets.
Human resource is the most important strategic resource on the market of professional
command sport. At the same time, solving the problem of human resource allocation on this
market leads to serious practical problems. Specifics of economic component of command
sport results in the inevitability of labor market failure (Downward, Dawson, 2002) for sustainable development of the sector. Therefore, the need for institution which is to regulate
the labor market occurs. Institute of transfer plays this role in some kinds of command
sport, such as football. It is the system of concepts and rules, which regulate the transfer of
athlete from one sport club to another prior to the expiration of the contract.
The number of requirements exist due to the institute of transfer to the practice of
athlete’s valuation, which determine the sum and the order of payment of compensation for
prior sporting club management. The latter should correlate with the value of the athletes,
which they are interest in, with the existing restrictions, which is the reason of the strongly
pronounced heterogeneity of markets.
Formalization of existing practices of pricing in different segments of professional
athletes’ labor market is important for the support of decisions to invest in staff during
resource strategy implementation. The current research deals with this problem. The model
of linear regression with variable structure is used in the paper as the main instrument
of formalization. The structure of the model reflects the structure of professional athletes’
labor market.