On the Sprague-Grundyfunction of Exact k- Nim
Moore's generalization of the game of Nim is played as follows. Given two integer parameters $n, k$ such that $1 \leq k \leq n$, and $n$ piles of tokens. Two players take turns. By one move a player reduces at least one and at most $k$ piles. The player who makes the last move wins. The P-positions of this game were characterized by Moore in 1910 and an explicit formula for its Sprague-Grundy function was given by Jenkyns and Mayberry in 1980, for the case $n = k+1$ only. We modify Moore's game and introduce Exact $k$-Nim in which each move reduces exactly $k$ piles. We give a simple polynomial algorithm computing the Sprague-Grundy function of Exact $k$-Nim in case $2k > n$ and an explicit formula for it in case $2k = n$. The last case shows a surprising similarity to Jenkyns and Mayberry's solution even though the meaning of some of the expressions are quite different. On the Sprague-Grundy function of Exact $k$-Nim. Available from: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/281144667_On_the_Sprague-Grundy_function_of_Exact_k-Nim [accessed Oct 26 2017].
One of the key advances in genome assembly that has led to a significant improvement in contig lengths has been improved algorithms for utilization of paired reads (mate-pairs). While in most assemblers, mate-pair information is used in a post-processing step, the recently proposed Paired de Bruijn Graph (PDBG) approach incorporates the mate-pair information directly in the assembly graph structure. However, the PDBG approach faces difficulties when the variation in the insert sizes is high. To address this problem, we first transform mate-pairs into edge-pair histograms that allow one to better estimate the distance between edges in the assembly graph that represent regions linked by multiple mate-pairs. Further, we combine the ideas of mate-pair transformation and PDBGs to construct new data structures for genome assembly: pathsets and pathset graphs.
The collection represents proceedings of the XVIII international conference “Problems of Theoretical Cybernetics” (Penza, 19–23 June, 2017), that is sponsored by Russian Foundation for Basic Research (project N 17-01-20217-г). The conference subject area includes: control systems synthesis, complexity, reliability, and diagnostics; automata; computer languages and programming; graph theory; combinatorics; coding theory; theory of pattern recognition; mathematical programming and operations research, mathematical theory of intelligence systems; applied mathematical logic; functional systems theory; optimal control theory; applications of cybernetics in natural science and technology.
Consider the following one-player game. Take a well-formed sequence of opening and closing brackets (a Dyck word). As a move, the player can pair any opening bracket with any closing bracket to its right, erasing them. The goal is to re-pair (erase) the entire sequence, and the cost of a strategy is measured by its width: the maximum number of nonempty segments of symbols (separated by blank space) seen during the play.
For various initial sequences, we prove upper and lower bounds on the minimum width sufficient for re-pairing. (In particular, the sequence associated with the complete binary tree of height n admits a strategy of width sub-exponential in log n.) Our two key contributions are (1) lower bounds on the width and (2) their application in automata theory: quasi-polynomial lower bounds on the translation from one-counter automata to Parikh-equivalent nondeterministic finite automata. The latter result answers a question by Atig et al. (2016).
This volume contains a selection of contributions from the "First International Conference in Network Analysis," held at the University of Florida, Gainesville, on December 14-16, 2011. The remarkable diversity of fields that take advantage of Network Analysis makes the endeavor of gathering up-to-date material in a single compilation a useful, yet very difficult, task. The purpose of this volume is to overcome this difficulty by collecting the major results found by the participants and combining them in one easily accessible compilation.
The collection represents proceedings of the nineth international conference "Discrete Models in Control Systems Theory" that is held by Lomonosov Moscow State Uneversity and is dedicated in 90th anniversary of Sergey Vsevolodovich Yablonsky's birth. The conference subject are includes: discrete functional systems; discrete functions properties; control systems synthesis, complexity, reliability, and diagnostics; automata; graph theory; combinatorics; coding theory; mathematical methods of information security; theory of pattern recognition; mathematical theory of intellegence systems; applied mathematical logic. The conference is sponsored by Russian Foundation for Basic Research (project N 15-01-20193-г).