Economic administration in the kingdoms of Israel and Judah (ca. 931–587 BCE): epigraphic sources and their interpretations
Several epigraphic corpora and some isolated inscriptions from Southern Levant may be
considered as documents reflecting accounting procedures. This paper is a survey of such
documents from the kingdoms of Israel and Judah in the period between ca. 931 and ca. 587
BCE. The emerging picture is fragmentary and uneven, which is related to two main reasons:
apparently most of the documentation was kept on papyrus which usually does not survive in
this region; the kingdom of Israel ceased to exist after ca. 720 BCE, the period when writing
started to proliferate in Southern Levant. In the course of the research some of the corpora
have been analyzed according to several, sometimes conflicting theories. On the other hand,
there is a strong tendency to consider such corpora as lmlk jar handles, Samaria ostraca and
“fiscal” bullae as documents reflecting taxation systems in the kingdoms of Israel and Judah.
Cet article se propose de retracer l’invention de l’impôt sur le revenu en Russie impériale. En procédant au démantèlement de l’archaïque système de capitation, le tsar Alexandre II ouvrit la voie à la modernisation de la fiscalité impériale, qui s’étala jusqu’au début du XXe siècle. Durant cette période, plusieurs projets en vue d’introduire un impôt sur le revenu en Russie virent le jour, en suscitant de vifs débats au sein des milieux libéraux ; mais tous furent abandonnés pour une convergence de différentes raisons que nous allons préciser. Ainsi, il fallut attendre la Révolution de 1905 et la Première guerre mondiale pour voir se concrétiser cette réforme, qui fut promulguée par la loi du 6 avril 1916. Alors que le gouvernement s’apprêtait à implanter cet impôt novateur, les événements de 1917 vinrent bouleverser l’État et la société russes.
Information in the SGEM 2017 Conference Proceedings is subject to change without notice. No part of this book may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, for any purpose, without the express written permission of the International Scientific Council of SGEM.
In the present article two eleventh-century phrases inscribed many times on the walls of the St Sophia Cathedral in Novgorod (коуни рони and парехъ мари) are shown to be of Semitic provenance. The authors provide the linguistic arguments which support the claim of a Hebrew source for коуни рони and a Syriac one for парехъ мари. In addition, we offer a reconstruction of the historical pragmatic context in which the phrases can be situated. It is proposed that the коуни рони inscriptions can be connected with the seizure of Novgorod and the plundering of St Sophia by Vseslav of Polotsk in the year 1066. They should be regarded as the oldest tangible proof of contacts with Jews and Hebrew in Rus’. In the case of the парехъ мари inscriptions, the hypothesis is put forward that the author was a certain Efrem, a local citizen, possibly a clergyman, who was a Syrian by descent.
Cet article retrace l'histoire de la capitation en Russie dès sa création jusqu'à la fin du XIXe siècle.
The book is the collection of papers on history, archaeology and art critics of North-West Russia and Baltic area.
The book describes field research (archaeological anthropological, etc.) conducted in different years with financial support of the Russian Humanitairan Foundation.
Volume V of IOSPE3 (Inscriptiones orae septenrionalis Ponti Euxini, 3rd ed.) contains 345 lemmata of Greek inscriptions dated between the late 4th century and 1475 and originating from the northern coast of the Black Sea, from the mouth of the Dniester in the west to the eastern shore of the Taman peninsula in the east. The volume includes all the lapidary inscriptions, as well as painted inscriptions on frescoes and graffiti on stone monuments and rock surfaces. Building, dedicatory, invocative, demonstrative and funerary inscriptions prevail. The majority of inscriptions come from Early Byzantine Pantikapaion, Early and Middle Byzantine Cherson and Late Byzantine south-western Crimea, which had distinct palaeographic traditions. The material most commonly used was limestone, while 73 inscriptions are on marble (including spolia) and only 6 on sandstone; 28 inscriptions are on rock surfaces. In the Early Byzantine period, two local dating systems were in use: in Cherson and Pantikapaion. Dialect features can be distinguished in some inscriptions. The corpus will be accessible starting in 2015 at https://iospe.cch.kcl.ac.uk/corpus/index.html