Пастушеские мотивы в лирике Пиндара
The article discusses pastoral motives in Pindar’s lyrics at the level of the plot and lexical expression. All the contexts in which this motiv occurs can be divided into two groups: I. the use of «shepherd» vocabulary in direct meaning including 1) the story of the owners of the herds; 2) mention of the gods-patrons of the herds; 3) mention of individual areas rich in herds; 4) mention of herds in connection with the ritual and the festival; II. the use of «shepherd» vocabulary in a figurative sense in the mythological, cult and everyday contexts. We can see an archaizing trend in the use of this motiv and its importance for Pindar's poetics at the level of ideology and stylistics. It manifests itself in the heroization of herd owners, the actualization of archaic notions of shepherds and herds, and the transfer of everyday concepts to the metapoetic language.