Сестра. Переписка Ольги Фрейденберг и Бориса Пастернака
This article is devoted to the traces left in Pasternak’s works by Olga Freidenberg. As a character or person, she is practically absent from both her brother’s poetry and prose. However in the Safe Conduct (“Okhrannaya gramota”) is she briefly mentioned, without being named. However, his preference for reunion with his unnamed sister over the lunch at Cohen’s constitutes the rejection of a career in philosophy and coincides with Ida Vysotskaya’s rejection of him. Analysis of the correspondence with Olga Freidenberg, which Pasternak kept up for over forty years, allows us to trace in his poetry the set of motifs that indicate her “presence”, when there occur a crossing of a certain border, the “initiation” of the poet as an “absorbent sponge”, the femininity of the poet. The mythology of twins, in the archaic form of brother and sister, presents one of the aspects of Pasternak’s myth of the poet. The rare and full implementation of this myth occurs when the woman and sister is a creatively gifted person. Along with Marina Tsvetayеva and the image of Maria Ilyina, Olga Freidenberg, in images of their common experience of the awakening of a creative soul, appears as an embodiment of the main Pasternak myth.