Developing the Entrepreneurial University through Positive Psychology and Social Enterprise
This article provides an empirically-based insight into the operation and impact of socially-oriented entrepreneurship as an educational tool at the Russian higher education institution, ITMO University (St Petersburg). The experience suggests that consciously placing stress on the social and ethical dimension of entrepreneurship education provides a strong motivational factor which develops many students’ interests towards contributing positively to society. The effective engagement of students in community projects creates a synergy between the project’s practical objectives, students’ awareness of self, and helps to refine the students’ own life goals and values -invaluable for setting a career strategy.
The purpose of the article is to assess entrepreneurial spirit and entrepreneurial activity of students and to identify students’ needs in specific educational programs concerning the development of entrepreneurship projects in the innovative sphere on the example of National Research University Higher School of Economics in Nizhny Novgorod (HSE NN).
The empirical study was conducted in three stages during the years 2014-2015, including desk study, interview with experts and survey of students. Authors adapted the GEM and GUESSS questionnaires according to the aim to study students’ needs in entrepreneurship education in the innovative sphere. Questions added concern students’ needs in developing entrepreneurial competencies, skills, educational formats and topics of the entrepreneurship in the innovation sphere.
Findings show the entrepreneurial spirit and activity of the HSE NN students, their needs in special educational programs of the entrepreneurship in the innovation sphere. Students are ready to start an entrepreneurial project only after acquiring some experience as an employee. Findings indicate low entrepreneurial activity among HSE NN students. One of the main reasons for that is the shortage of the entrepreneurial competencies and skills among students. Low involvement of students in the current educational activities in the entrepreneurship is caused by low quality and effectiveness of them. It is offered, that curriculums for entrepreneurship and extracurricular activities should focus on entrepreneurship practices through the development of students’ projects. Findings reveal the most needed topics for studying the entrepreneurship in the innovation sphere, such as team formation, business-planning, market strategy of the launching of the new product, depending on the specialization of students.
Research limitations appear in the focus on students of HSE NN. But the methodology could be used for the surveys of other Universities. It is worth mentioning the sample limitation. Due to the economic profile of the HSE NN, the research sample involves more students with economic specialty and less amount of students with mathematical and social specializations. The sample does not include technical specializations.
Russian and foreign universities could use the results in developing and improving educational activities for students in the entrepreneurship in the innovation sphere.
Originality of the paper concerns the adaptation of the questionnaire to the survey in the entrepreneurship in the innovation sphere. It allows revealing students’ needs in the educational activities in innovation entrepreneurship.
Entrepreneurship education is included into the innovative development programs of numerous countries. To start the large-scale entrepreneurship educational process basing on the existing educational system is comparatively difficult, as the latter is aimed at training of standard well-known skills, while entrepreneurship isn’t one of them. Currently many universities in the world. mostly technical are inventing formats and contents of the entrepreneurship educational programs. In the article the relevant programs from 20 leading technical universities in Russia and USA are compared by using the official open information. According to the results of the analysis as well as Anatoly Korotkov’s experience in the relevant field in Russia two possible ways of raising the effectiveness of Russian entrepreneurship educational programs are defined in the article.
This paper presents an investigation of factors that form students’ entrepreneurship intentions. The purpose of this paper is to estimate these factors’ influence empirically with special interest to the education. On the basis of previous research, the model of entrepreneurial intentions formation is proposed. It includes media as the factor, which was not previously regarded by other research. To estimate the model, survey data has been collected in HSE – Perm and structural modeling has been employed. As a result for the sample, education influence is not statistically significant, while media is. In order to conclude, these and other factors’ influence is regarded as the foundation of educational solutions aimed to increase entrepreneurial intentions of students.
Institutions affect investment decisions, including investments in human capital. Hence institutions are relevant for the allocation of talent. Good market-supporting institutions attract talent to productive value-creating activities, whereas poor ones raise the appeal of rent-seeking. We propose a theoretical model that predicts that more talented individuals are particularly sensitive in their career choices to the quality of institutions, and test these predictions on a sample of around 95 countries of the world. We find a strong positive association between the quality of institutions and graduation of college and university students in science, and an even stronger negative correlation with graduation in law. Our findings are robust to various specifications of empirical models, including smaller samples of former colonies and transition countries. The quality of human capital makes the distinction between educational choices under strong and weak institutions particularly sharp. We show that the allocation of talent is an important link between institutions and growth.