Dialogicality of the relationship to other as the resource of social positioning of personality
The article is devoted to the investigation of the problem of identifying the psychological conditions of effective social positioning of the personality. The object of the empirical investigation is the relation “I - beloved Other”, which have the high potential for achieving dialogicality. New theoretical model of dialogic and reflexive representation of the relationship of personality to Other was developed and empirically verified. The empirical study confirmed the hypothesis about the possibility of achievement of dialogic relationship “I –Other’’ on the basis of implementation and reflection of its four “dimensions”.
«Attainment of oneself» has not been systematically examined in psychology. Since that, the paper is aimed to reveal the importance of studying it in actual sociocultural context and the humanities. The «attainment of oneself» is considered as holistic, mediated by reflection “I” abilities realization in the field of leading life relationships. «New pesronology» is research area, and pesonological hermeneutics is used as a method. The reflexive model of “I” abilities towards the Other is presented. It’s application for analyzing the process of attainment of oneself in love relationships is demonstrated.
The article tends to theoretically conceptualize the genesis of I in relationships with the Other, which contains a wide range of possibilities as well as contradictions, limitations, and deprivation of the development of I. The study aims to elaborate the model of the genesis based on the comprehension and quality of relationships with the Other; specifically, in dimensions “between I and the Other”, “I-for-the-Other”, “The-Other-in-Me”, “I-for-myself”. The theoretical basement of the research is formed by the philosophical-psychological conceptions of I (M. Heidegger, J.-P. Sartre, P. Ricœur, S.L. Rubinshtein, M.M. Bakhtin, M.K. Mamardashvili). By the means of hermeneutics, modelling, and reflection the model of the conditions of the development I and the model of forms of the genesis of I in relationships are presented. The main result of the study is grounding and systematization of the following forms of the genesis of I: «The development of I in relaiohships with the Other», «Un-obtaining of I in the Other», «The disappearance of I in the Other», «The loss of I in the Other», «The discovery of I in the relaionships with the Other», «The empowerement of I in relaionships with the Other». The model emphasizes the potential of the relationships with the Other for one's self-realization in the dimensions of «for-the-others» and «the co-existence with the others».
Christianity is a missionary religion by definition. Yet, as Christianity became imperial ideology, the attitude towards "barbarians" began to change: the classical Greco-Roman perception of "other" as non-human finds its way into the concept of Christianization. The author tries to outline methods of Byzantine mission, which Byzantines themselves never theoretize upon. Orthodox Christianity lost to its spiritual rivals the Nilr valley, the Middle East, Moravia, Croatia, Abkhazia, Hungary, Lithuania, Khazaria. This book explains why.
In article it is shown, that one of the major resources of formation of civilization is civil identity - an element of consciousness of the person. The analysis of dynamics of expressiveness civil ѓ under influence of social and economic conditions is carried out. Results comparative the subjective senses put in concept civil identity are considered by representatives of the various countries.
The distractive effects on attentional task performance in different paradigms are analyzed in this paper. I demonstrate how distractors may negatively affect (interference effect), positively (redundancy effect) or neutrally (null effect). Distractor effects described in literature are classified in accordance with their hypothetical source. The general rule of the theory is also introduced. It contains the formal prediction of the particular distractor effect, based on entropy and redundancy measures from the mathematical theory of communication (Shannon, 1948). Single- vs dual-process frameworks are considered for hypothetical mechanisms which underpin the distractor effects. Distractor profiles (DPs) are also introduced for the formalization and simple visualization of experimental data concerning the distractor effects. Typical shapes of DPs and their interpretations are discussed with examples from three frequently cited experiments. Finally, the paper introduces hierarchical hypothesis that states the level-fashion modulating interrelations between distractor effects of different classes.
This article describes the expierence of studying factors influencing the social well-being of educational migrants as mesured by means of a psychological well-being scale (A. Perrudet-Badoux, G.A. Mendelsohn, J.Chiche, 1988) previously adapted for Russian by M.V. Sokolova. A statistical analysis of the scale's reliability is performed. Trends in dynamics of subjective well-being are indentified on the basis the correlations analysis between the condbtbions of adaptation and its success rate, and potential mechanisms for developing subjective well-being among student migrants living in student hostels are described. Particular attention is paid to commuting as a factor of adaptation.