Сравнительный анализ взаимосвязи ценностей и социально-экономических представлений корейских и российских студентов
The article deals with the cultural-content aspect of individual values and socio-economic representations in Republic of Korea and Russia. The study involved 157 Koreans and 211 Russians. The results showed that significant differences are found in Shalom H. Schwartz’s values: Self-direction (thought and action), Stimulation, Achievement, Face, Conformity (rules and interpersonal), Tradition, Benevolence (dependability and caring) and Universalism-tolerance. Other differences observed in comparing socio-economic representations: Relative to competition and Willingness to take risks. It revealed that the average values of the considered psychological factors, which characterizes individual values and economic behavior, are higher for Russians than for Koreans, however, no significant differences revealed, which indicates their similarity.
The purpose of this article is to analyze similarities and differences in values between Russians and other Europeans. In doing so, we plan to compare Russia with other countries in terms of average values indexes; to investigate in detail precisely what subgroups within the country, from perspective of the values they share, make up the Russian population (we assume that this analysis will show similarities and differences between the residents of various countries in greater detail than a comparison of averages); to reveal, using multiple regression analysis, the role of various determinants that influence values; and to determine the correlation between the influence of individuals’ country and their sociodemographic characteristics.
The article presents the results of a study which was carried out on a Russian sample and dealt with a new sociopsychological construct «social axioms». The study showed that the universal structure of social axioms revealed by M. Bond and K. Leung in their cross-cultural studies is replicated on the Russian sample with some changes and it has certain specificity. In addition the authors have revealed some interrelations between the social axioms and the socio economic and sociopolitical beliefs of Russians.
Through the analysis if the association reaction of Russian and Japanese native speakers, the intensity of hospitability in the Russian and Japanese linguocultures is examined in the article. There are considered similarities and differences of perceiving the image of guest by the Russians and Japanese. The article demonstrates that the content of the semanteme "Guest" is not identical in the Russian and Japanese languages. In the conditions of active contacts between representatives of different cultures in our supersonic age, the comparative research of linguistic consciousness is an important contribution to the development of mutual understanding between representatives of different cultures, Russian and Japanese in this case. The dynamics of change of the image of guest in the Russian linguoculture is of great interest. It has been experiencing noticeable perturbations throughuot the recent decades. The application of psycholinguistic methods to achieve the mentioned aims is an uncommon and quite new phenomenon for comparing the Russian and Japanese linguocultures. The research has shown that in the Japanese linguoculture it is mainly women who extend hospitality, which reflects the traditional patriarchal practice of the Japanese society. Another conclusion is that the present-day Russians, who do no display any difference regarding the image of guest according to their gender factor, have become less hospitable as compared to the beginning of 1990s.
The book collects the papers, presented at the 4th International conference 'Theoretical problems of ethnic and cross-cultural psychology held by Smolensk University for Humanities, 30-31 May, 2014
The purpose of the given study is to reveal the differences in values, in economic attitudes and in the structures of their interrelations between Christians and Muslims of Russia. To identify models of economic behavior we have developed a special methodology of economic behavior scenarios which allows identifying economic attitudes. Schwartz Value Survey was used for the individual level values exposure. The sample included representatives from Christian (Armenians, Georgians, Ossetians) (N = 60) and Muslim (Chechens, Dagestanians, Kabardinians) (N = 65) nations, living in the North Caucasian region in Russia. Student’s t-test was used to reveal the differences between groups. Cross-confessional comparison showed the significant differences in values on the individual level between Christians and Muslims. Also significant differences in economic attitudes were found. The structures of interrelations between values and economic attitudes are different in these two groups: some scenarios of economic behavior are predicted by values only among Muslims, some others – only among Christians. Different values have a predictive power for explanation of economic attitudes in these two groups.
"The Global Obama" examines the president’s image in five continents and more than twenty countries. It is the first book to look at Barack Obama’s presidency and analyze how Obama and America are viewed by publics, governments and political commentators around world. The author of "Barack Obama in Hawaii and Indonesia: The Making of a Global President" (Top 10 Black History Book) scaled the globe to gather opinions -- cultural, historical and political analyses -- about Obama’s leadership style. Writers, journalists, psychologists, and social scientists present their views on Obama’s leadership, popularity, and many of the global challenges that still remain unsolved. As a progress report, this is the first book that tries to grasp ‘the Obama phenomenon’ in totality, as perceived by populations around the world with special focus on America's leadership.
We consider comparative analysis of civic identity, socio-economic attitudes and models of economic behavior in the three regions of Russia. The features of civic identity and its interconnection with models of economic behavior in the Central Federal District, the Far East and North Caucasus are shown.
The distractive effects on attentional task performance in different paradigms are analyzed in this paper. I demonstrate how distractors may negatively affect (interference effect), positively (redundancy effect) or neutrally (null effect). Distractor effects described in literature are classified in accordance with their hypothetical source. The general rule of the theory is also introduced. It contains the formal prediction of the particular distractor effect, based on entropy and redundancy measures from the mathematical theory of communication (Shannon, 1948). Single- vs dual-process frameworks are considered for hypothetical mechanisms which underpin the distractor effects. Distractor profiles (DPs) are also introduced for the formalization and simple visualization of experimental data concerning the distractor effects. Typical shapes of DPs and their interpretations are discussed with examples from three frequently cited experiments. Finally, the paper introduces hierarchical hypothesis that states the level-fashion modulating interrelations between distractor effects of different classes.
This article describes the expierence of studying factors influencing the social well-being of educational migrants as mesured by means of a psychological well-being scale (A. Perrudet-Badoux, G.A. Mendelsohn, J.Chiche, 1988) previously adapted for Russian by M.V. Sokolova. A statistical analysis of the scale's reliability is performed. Trends in dynamics of subjective well-being are indentified on the basis the correlations analysis between the condbtbions of adaptation and its success rate, and potential mechanisms for developing subjective well-being among student migrants living in student hostels are described. Particular attention is paid to commuting as a factor of adaptation.