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## Generalized Post–Widder inversion formula with application to statistics

In this work we derive an inversion formula for the Laplace transform of a density observed on a curve in the complex domain, which generalizes the well known Post– Widder formula. We establish convergence of our inversion method and derive the corresponding convergence rates for the case of a Laplace transform of a smooth density. As an application we consider the problem of statistical inference for variance-mean mixture models. We construct a nonparametric estimator for the mixing density based on the generalized Post–Widder formula, derive bounds for its root mean square error and give a brief numerical example.

Given a Lévy process (Lt)t≥0 and an independent nondecreasing process (time change) (T(t))t≥0, we consider the problem of statistical inference on T based on low-frequency observations of the time-changed Lévy process LT(t). Our approach is based on the genuine use of Mellin and Laplace transforms. We propose a consistent estimator for the density of the increments of T in a stationary regime, derive its convergence rates and prove the optimality of the rates. It turns out that the convergence rates heavily depend on the decay of the Mellin transform of T. Finally, the performance of the estimator is analysed via a Monte Carlo simulation study.

This paper generalizes recent proposals of density forecasting models and it develops theory for this class of models. In density forecasting, the density of observations is estimated in regions where the density is not observed. Identification of the density in such regions is guaranteed by structural assumptions on the density that allows exact extrapolation. In this paper, the structural assumption is made that the density is a product of one-dimensional functions. The theory is quite general in assuming the shape of the region where the density is observed. Such models naturally arise when the time point of an observation can be written as the sum of two terms (e.g., onset and incubation period of a disease). The developed theory also allows for a multiplicative factor of seasonal effects. Seasonal effects are present in many actuarial, biostatistical, econometric and statistical studies. Smoothing estimators are proposed that are based on backfitting. Full asymptotic theory is derived for them. A practical example from the insurance business is given producing a within year budget of reported insurance claims. A small sample study supports the theoretical results

This proceedings publication is a compilation of selected contributions from the “Third International Conference on the Dynamics of Information Systems” which took place at the University of Florida, Gainesville, February 16–18, 2011. The purpose of this conference was to bring together scientists and engineers from industry, government, and academia in order to exchange new discoveries and results in a broad range of topics relevant to the theory and practice of dynamics of information systems. Dynamics of Information Systems: Mathematical Foundation presents state-of-the art research and is intended for graduate students and researchers interested in some of the most recent discoveries in information theory and dynamical systems. Scientists in other disciplines may also benefit from the applications of new developments to their own area of study.

In this paper, in-sample forecasting is defined as forecasting a structured density to sets where it is unobserved. The structured density consists of one-dimensional in-sample components that identify the density on such sets. We focus on the multiplicative density structure, which has recently been seen as the underlying structure of non-life insurance forecasts. In non-life insurance the in-sample area is defined as one triangle and the forecasting area as the triangle that 20 added to the first triangle produces a square. Recent approaches estimate two one-dimensional components by projecting an unstructured two-dimensional density estimator onto the space of multiplicatively separable functions. We show that time-reversal reduces the problem to two onedimensional problems, where the one-dimensional data are left-truncated and a one-dimensional survival density estimator is needed. This paper then uses the local linear density smoother with 25 weighted cross-validated and do-validated bandwidth selectors. Full asymptotic theory is provided, with and without time reversal. Finite sample studies and an application to non-life insurance are included.

In this work, we study the optimal risk sharing problem for an insurer between himself and a reinsurer in a dynamical insurance model known as the Kramer–Lundberg risk process, which, unlike known models, models not per claim reinsurance but rather periodic reinsurance of damages over a given time interval. Here we take into account a natural upper bound on the risk taken by the reinsurer. We solve optimal control problems on an infinite time interval for mean-variance optimality criteria: a linear utility functional and a stationary variation coefficient. We show that optimal reinsurance belongs to the class of total risk reinsurances. We establish that the most profitable reinsurance is the stop-loss reinsurance with an upper limit. We find equations for the values of parameters in optimal reinsurance strategies.

Let k be a field of characteristic zero, let G be a connected reductive algebraic group over k and let g be its Lie algebra. Let k(G), respectively, k(g), be the field of k- rational functions on G, respectively, g. The conjugation action of G on itself induces the adjoint action of G on g. We investigate the question whether or not the field extensions k(G)/k(G)^G and k(g)/k(g)^G are purely transcendental. We show that the answer is the same for k(G)/k(G)^G and k(g)/k(g)^G, and reduce the problem to the case where G is simple. For simple groups we show that the answer is positive if G is split of type A_n or C_n, and negative for groups of other types, except possibly G_2. A key ingredient in the proof of the negative result is a recent formula for the unramified Brauer group of a homogeneous space with connected stabilizers. As a byproduct of our investigation we give an affirmative answer to a question of Grothendieck about the existence of a rational section of the categorical quotient morphism for the conjugating action of G on itself.

Let G be a connected semisimple algebraic group over an algebraically closed field k. In 1965 Steinberg proved that if G is simply connected, then in G there exists a closed irreducible cross-section of the set of closures of regular conjugacy classes. We prove that in arbitrary G such a cross-section exists if and only if the universal covering isogeny Ĝ → G is bijective; this answers Grothendieck's question cited in the epigraph. In particular, for char k = 0, the converse to Steinberg's theorem holds. The existence of a cross-section in G implies, at least for char k = 0, that the algebra k[G]G of class functions on G is generated by rk G elements. We describe, for arbitrary G, a minimal generating set of k[G]G and that of the representation ring of G and answer two Grothendieck's questions on constructing generating sets of k[G]G. We prove the existence of a rational (i.e., local) section of the quotient morphism for arbitrary G and the existence of a rational cross-section in G (for char k = 0, this has been proved earlier); this answers the other question cited in the epigraph. We also prove that the existence of a rational section is equivalent to the existence of a rational W-equivariant map T- - - >G/T where T is a maximal torus of G and W the Weyl group.