Влияние новостей на стоимость акций компаний киноиндустрии США
In recent decades, financial science actively covers new segments of the financial system that have not been studied previously. One of such areas is the analysis of impact of news on pricing in particular sectors of the stock market. The paper is related to this direction and aims to reveal the influence of news on stock price performance of companies in the U.S. film industry.
To reach the goal we employed the abnormal return and trade volume analysis method, as well as multiple linear regression. Basing on the results of the calculations, we provide the estimations of the general level of return and trade volume reaction on the release of positive and negative news. The significance of the obtained results showed the possibility of their application in practical investment activity, which makes them useful for individual and corporate investors, and fund managers who consider this sector as the possible destination for funds investment. The revealed mechanisms represent a good base for further research of the film industry in different countries and similar market segments.
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The article presents the results of the research regarding abnormal return in M&A domestic and cross-border deals completed by Russian mining and metal companies. Contrary to earlier studies that found positive abnormal return of international mergers and acquisitions, our research revealed that cross-border deals performed by Russian metallurgical companies show negative abnormal return. Financial multiples of cross-border transactions are higher than that of domestic deals, which points to overpayment of Russian acquirers when buying assets abroad. In addition market discourages deal targeting financially distressed companies, as well as acquisitions of targets from culturally distant countries. One interesting finding of the research is that the most active cross-border acquirer – Severstal JSC – more often purchases financially distressed targets and generally demonstrates lower cumulative abnormal return compared to other Russian mining and metal companies.
The article presents the results of the research regarding abnormal return in M&A deals with private and public targets in emerging markets. The research was devoted to empirical verification of the dependence of buyer's abnormal return on the factors determining private target discount, as well as excess premium paid for the target compared to average industry multiples. Private target discount was defined as the difference between the deal value and the price calculated based on average multiples of comparable public companies. In addition the ability of the market to differentiate deals with wrong motivation, in particular transactions aimed at bootstrapping, was analyzed.
The article deals with the investment skill of the Russian mutual funds’ managers. Studies of the American market performed in the second half of XX century produced mixed results, however those completed after 2000 uniformly confirm that investment skill exists only for periods of less than five years, if it exists in principle. The outperformance of the market happens more frequently in emerging markets. The authors find that most managers do not possess investment skill. 90% of the funds do not outperform the market consistently. Three of the four applied methodologies (Jensen’s Alfa, Sharpe ratio, Treynor ratio) revealed that in 2004–2009 there existed more successful funds during the booming market of 2004–2007, while during the downturn (2008–2009) the number of successful funds diminished significantly. The information ratio confirmed the opposite picture, i.e. more funds outperformed the benchmarking portfolio during the downturn. There are only about 5% of funds in the sample (3–4 out of 74) whose managers are able to outplay the market in the long run. The study revealed that the management company of a successful fund either is affiliated with a large state companie, a large banks, or has persons affiliated with stock exchanges among its shareholders. The affiliation with the stock exchanges is the key success factor in Russia. Meanwhile, the study showed that there is no correlation of a fund’s success with affiliation with Russian oligarchs. Participation of foreign professional management companies in a shareholder capital of Russian management companies does not guarantee success as well.
Marketing communications in the film market - for a new national science research field. One of the main tools for promoting the movie trailer is today. This article analyzes this commercial tool and the film industry, at the same time, the artistic product. Particular attention is paid to the structure of the trailer.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.