ВАЛЮТНЫЙ РИСК И ЛОКАЛЬНАЯ МОДЕЛЬ ЦЕНООБРАЗОВАНИЯ АКТИВОВ НА ПРИМЕРЕ РОССИЙСКОГО РЫНКА АКЦИЙ
World fi nancial crisis and increased volatility of major economic indicators raised attention to the problem of fi nancial risk management in corporations, and to the possibilities of fi nancial derivatives usage for hedging. In perfect markets hedging by means of derivatives allows corporations to mitigate fi nancial risks allowing for minimum costs. Current paper examines factors that restrict usage of derivatives for hedging currency risks by corporations on Russian fi nancial market. It is concluded that on Russian market it is reasonable to use internal facilities as basic method of currency risk management: asset/liability management, regulation of debt
currency structure, diversifi cation, etc. Derivatives should be used in addition to these facilities in very limited volumes for hedging the most predictable sources of risk.
This article presents a two-tier system for the comprehensive risk assessment and applies it to the Russian banking sector. First level of the system focuses on current analysis of banks in terms of their sensitivity to credit risk as well as to other types of risks (ex-ante risk assessment). Second level of the system deals with different measures of the overall banking sta-bility (ex-post risk assessment) such as widely used Z-score indicator and it introduces an empir-ical bank-level model for estimation of the elasticity of Z-score with respect to all types of risks considered at the first level of the system. Our analysis reveals that systemic risks of the Russian banking sector are moderately high while its ability to recapitalize profits is extremely limited under the existing model of the banking business.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.