Особенности оптимизации многономенклатурных запасов с учетом выбора транспортных средств и их грузовместимости
Both the block diagram and the methodological recommenda- tions for the use of the new improved algorithm for optimizing the parameters of the multinomenclature supply strategy taking into account the features of transport support in the format of EOQ models are presented for the first time. The procedures for optimizing the supply strategy for the simulated situation illustrate their features and specifics for the first time, with allowing factoring in the important attributes of the supply chain operation. In particular, they include the factor of used vehicles cargo capacity, as well as the vehicle types' choice for the orders supply. The factor of profitability, in turn, requires taking into account the conditions for the expediency of deliveries using several vehicles at once (at discounts on such deliveries cost) when optimizing. At the same time, the time value of money requires an adequate assessment of the cash flows effectiveness of the supply chain itself (in particular, taking into account the specificity of the indicator of the return on working capital, depending on the vehicles load for the order delivery). The corresponding re- commendations are illustrated by the special type EOQ-models example. We are talking about models in which supply special efficiency is assumed a priori: the profit will be received at each deli- very of goods. At the same time, the proceeds from the delivery can be used both to cover part of the costs for such delivery, and to pay for the next order delivery. Accordingly, it is illustrated how in the optimization algorithm format it is necessary to take into account the conditions, the fulfillment of which allows to ensure the possibility of making such payments from the proceeds. For the first time the attention is drawn to the possibility of using the methods of choice at many criteria in situations where the minimized costs indicators slightly differ in the analyzed alternatives amono themselves.