Организационно-правовые основы взаимодействия полиции и населения в Российской империи (XVIII век)
Implementation of a permanent police function has become an urgent necessity in the XVIII century for the Russian Empire. In this article the author has set a goal to consider organizational and legal bases of interaction of the police and the population, laid down in the period of formation and development of absolutism in Russia. The contents of this article helps us to reveal the major milestones in the development of law enforcement in the socio-political context of the formative period of the absolute monarchy in the Russian Empire. The basis of this study lay down analysis of the legislation, regulations adopted during the XVIII century, and modern historical and legal research. As demonstrated research, legislation, in the course of the reforms of Peter I, not only created a regular police force in Russia, but also laid the foundation for its interaction with the public. However, the board of each of the subsequent Russian emperors, have different effects on the very structure of law enforcement and its functioning.