Вокалотерапия: перспектива эмпирического исследования
The article considers the main fields of vocal therapy and vocal practices in psychotherapy. The vocal practices inside the particular fields of psychotherapy are shined out. Amongst them are expressive arts therapy, process-oriented psychology, ontotherapy etc. Single vocal psychotherapeutic practices are also mentioned: music vocal psychotherapy, vocal music therapy, vocal psychotherapy, transpersonal voice therapy etc. The possible models of vocal therapy are considered. The medical model of vocal therapy is viewed as a way to affect patient’s organism and personality. Psychological model is observed as a way for client’s self-expression and discovering his authenticity and wholeness. Some methods of vocal psychotherapy are discussed, among them are techniques for group vocal music psychotherapy in hospitals, vocalizations in altered state of mind, vocal holding techniques, free associative singing, chanting, meditations, relaxation and breathing techniques. Methods of small empirical investigations in the present field of study, such as observation, questionnaire surveys, self-reports, psychophysiological methods are mentioned. origin of inner Self and formation of outer Self are described. The present model is related with the possibility of finding a human authentic voice. The ways of self-identification are described. It was envisaged that self-identity may be reflected in the way of how human’s voice sounds. The probable peculiarities of vocal sounds are described. The model of
vocal therapy process for finding an authentic voice of inner Self is suggested. Besides, the classification of vocalizations and markers of different types of vocalizations are put forward. Types of vocalisations are related with vocal sounds of inner and outer self and matched with inner instances of personality, which appear in psychotherapy and in everyday life: inner client, inner therapist and inner visor. It is supposed that, just like in verbal psychotherapy, where gradual transformation from inner visor to inner client and inner therapist takes place, in vocal therapy the transformation would go from impressive and inauthentic vocalisations firstly to the whole spectrum of vocalisations and later to expressive and authentic vocalisations. The possible perspective of empirical research is suggested. The criteria, which will help the participants to assess the result of vocalisations are given.