Иски, направленные на предотвращение причинения вреда окружающей среде, в контексте учения о субъективной заинтересованности
The ecological legislation, establishing various ways of protection of the right of everyone for a healthy environment, limits citizens in procedural opportunities of their use. Author, based on our analysis of the content of the right to a healthy environment, based on the classical doctrine of subjective interest, proves the need to provide citizens the right to sue on the prevention of harm to the environment.
The article is devoted to analysis of international legal basis of financial mechanisms of environmental protection. Last decades international financial organizations actively contribute to the environmental protection. Financing mechanisms of environmental protection, such as Global Environmental Facility, Multilateral fund for the Implementation of the Montreal Protocol and others become a part of institutes of international financial system.
Protection of the environment can be achieved by creating conditions that ensure the complete absence, or at least minimal content, of hazardous substances in industrial waste. Therefore, in production processes where the main and/or additive product is material with mercury content, the prevention of mercury vapor emissions into the atmosphere is an essential prerequisite for safety and environmental protection. However, achieving these indispensable safety conditions requires significant energy input. Detailed analysis of existing techniques and equipment for mercury extraction from mercury-containing and mercury-contaminated materials as well as plastics containing waste showed that all of the proposed methods are energy-intensive and cannot entirely remove mercury vapor from the emissions. A new technique of the thermal demercurization of mercury-containing materials has been offered. The original feature of the proposed technique is the distillation and condensation of mercury vapor within an inert gas flow circulating in the closed loop system. The offered technique ensures a substantial reduction in energy consumption while cooling the mercury vapor for its condensation and almost entirely eliminates mercury emissions into the atmosphere. Keywords: recycling of mercury-containing materials, environmental protection, energy consumption, thermal demercurization, inert gas flow, closed gas loop system, closed liquid loop system.
The article gives grounds for necessity of interconnection of economic development and environmental protection. Elimination of conflict between economic development and environmental protection is possible on the basis of ecologization of international economic relations, meaning substitution of anthropocentric approach for ecocentric approach to the sustainable development.
Evolution of the concept of sustainable development clearly shows that today economic development is not limited bу the level of scientific and technological progress but by the state of environment. We are facing empowerment of environmental component of the concept of sustainable development comparing to its economic component. Principle of sustainable development has been formed as principle of international law. The author argues that principle of sustainable development is inter-branch principle of international environmental and international economic law.
международное частное право; недвижимость; ; школа бартолистов; бартолисты; теория статутов; статуарная теория/
The article is devoted to a particular form of freedom of assembly — the right to counter-demonstrate. The author underlines the value of this right as an element of democratic society, but also acknowledges the risk of violent actions among participants of opposing demonstrations. Due to this risk, the government may adopt adequate measures restricting the right to counter-demonstrate, certain types of which are analyzed in this paper.
Development of standards of international controllability is reviewed in the article. Institutional approach is applied to development of international legal regime of Energy Charter. Definition of controllability is connected to development of international standards of dispute settlement, which are described in the article in detail. In connection with controllability, Russian interest, defense of investment in European Union and ecological investment encouragement, is reviewed in the article.
мировое управление и управляемость, Мировая экономика, международное экономическое право, энергетическая хартия, International control and controllability, International economics, international economic law, Energy Charter