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Regular version of the site

Article

Местные СМИ о проблемах муниципальных кладбищ

The issues of public cemeteries maintenance and the funeral services organization were not strongly tackled by the federal authorities in post-Soviet Russia. In the early 90th almost all cemeteries in the country and connected tasks were passed to the municipal authorities. In 1996 the federal law “On burial and funeral business” was adopted. As long as this act was framework and partial one, the problem of detailed regulation development became the issue of regional government. Moreover, the authorities did not elaborate the mechanisms of already existing cemeteries legalization. The land legislation had also played its role in the registration procedures complication. As a consequence of the incompleteness and inconsistency of funeral and land formal field, burials became highly corrupted activity in urban areas and weak, financed on leftovers sphere in rural. There are no comprehensive and based on rich empirical material researches dedicated to the Russian cemeteries condition. The main aim of the article is to reveal the basic bottlenecks (problems) in the studied area. It is done on the basis of local mass media content (published in 2015 articles). According to the investigation, the following difficulties and disfunctions could be identified : 1) the absence of legal registration of cemeteries and land plots under it; 2) the lack of appropriate land to expand the cemetery; 3) the lack of finances for place of burial maintenance; 4) uncertain legal status of specialized services and their acceptable functions; 5) corruption and contractors opportunism; 6) the poor condition of related utility sectors. Some measures can be adopted in order to eliminate existing problems – first of all, the realization of “cemetery amnesty” is offered as a tool of municipal cemeteries legalization.