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## A short and simple proof of the Jurkat–Waterman theorem on conjugate functions

It is well--known that certain

properties of continuous functions on the circle T,

related to the Fourier expansion, can be improved by a change

of variable, i.e., by a homeomorphism of the circle onto

itself. One of the results in this area is the Jurkat--Waterman

theorem on conjugate functions, which improves the classical

Bohr--P\'al theorem. In the present work we propose a short

and technically very simple proof of the Jurkat--Waterman

theorem. Our approach yields a stronger result.

We consider certain spaces of functions on the circle, which naturally appear in harmonic analysis, and superposition operators on these spaces. We study the following question: which functions have the property that each their superposition with a homeomorphism of the circle belongs to a given space? We also study the multidimensional case.

The well-known Bohr--Pal theorem asserts that for every continuous real-valued function f on the circle T there exists a change of variable, i.e., a homeomorphism h of T onto itself, such that the Fourier series of the superposition foh converges uniformly. Subsequent improvements of this result imply that actually there exists a homeomorphism that brings f into the Sobolev space W_2^{1/2}(T). This refined version of the Bohr--Pal theorem does not extend to complex-valued functions. We show that if \alpha<1/2, then there exists a complex-valued f that satisfies the Lipschitz condition of order \alpha and at the same time has the property that foh is not in W_2^{1/2}(T) for every homeomorphism h of T.

We consider the Paley--Wiener spaces of L2-functions whose Fourier transform has a bounded support. We show that every continuous mapping that generates a superposition operator acting on these spaces is affine and injective.

Full papers (articles) of 2nd Stochastic Modeling Techniques and Data Analysis (SMTDA-2012) International Conference are represented in the proceedings. This conference took place from 5 June by 8 June 2012 in Chania, Crete, Greece.

Let k be a field of characteristic zero, let G be a connected reductive algebraic group over k and let g be its Lie algebra. Let k(G), respectively, k(g), be the field of k- rational functions on G, respectively, g. The conjugation action of G on itself induces the adjoint action of G on g. We investigate the question whether or not the field extensions k(G)/k(G)^G and k(g)/k(g)^G are purely transcendental. We show that the answer is the same for k(G)/k(G)^G and k(g)/k(g)^G, and reduce the problem to the case where G is simple. For simple groups we show that the answer is positive if G is split of type A_n or C_n, and negative for groups of other types, except possibly G_2. A key ingredient in the proof of the negative result is a recent formula for the unramified Brauer group of a homogeneous space with connected stabilizers. As a byproduct of our investigation we give an affirmative answer to a question of Grothendieck about the existence of a rational section of the categorical quotient morphism for the conjugating action of G on itself.

This proceedings publication is a compilation of selected contributions from the “Third International Conference on the Dynamics of Information Systems” which took place at the University of Florida, Gainesville, February 16–18, 2011. The purpose of this conference was to bring together scientists and engineers from industry, government, and academia in order to exchange new discoveries and results in a broad range of topics relevant to the theory and practice of dynamics of information systems. Dynamics of Information Systems: Mathematical Foundation presents state-of-the art research and is intended for graduate students and researchers interested in some of the most recent discoveries in information theory and dynamical systems. Scientists in other disciplines may also benefit from the applications of new developments to their own area of study.

Let G be a connected semisimple algebraic group over an algebraically closed field k. In 1965 Steinberg proved that if G is simply connected, then in G there exists a closed irreducible cross-section of the set of closures of regular conjugacy classes. We prove that in arbitrary G such a cross-section exists if and only if the universal covering isogeny Ĝ → G is bijective; this answers Grothendieck's question cited in the epigraph. In particular, for char k = 0, the converse to Steinberg's theorem holds. The existence of a cross-section in G implies, at least for char k = 0, that the algebra k[G]G of class functions on G is generated by rk G elements. We describe, for arbitrary G, a minimal generating set of k[G]G and that of the representation ring of G and answer two Grothendieck's questions on constructing generating sets of k[G]G. We prove the existence of a rational (i.e., local) section of the quotient morphism for arbitrary G and the existence of a rational cross-section in G (for char k = 0, this has been proved earlier); this answers the other question cited in the epigraph. We also prove that the existence of a rational section is equivalent to the existence of a rational W-equivariant map T- - - >G/T where T is a maximal torus of G and W the Weyl group.