Логика, смысл и ценность в перформативном измерении «Логико-философского трактата» Л. Витгенштейна
Many contemporary scholars converge the main issues of the “Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus” of L. Wittgenstein with B. Russell’s agenda aimed at eliminating language confusion that causes “fundamental philosophical problems”. Although this may be correct to a certain degree, the main idea of the “Tractatus” often remains overlooked: according to Wittgenstein, establishing the language boundaries must lead us to the inexpressible meanings and values of life, and somehow demonstrate them. It was done by Wittgenstein in "Tractatus", however results of his activity still remain in some way confidential, leaving a scope to various versions in this respect. The offered work represents one of possible versions too, and we hope that it will be useful. 2 Our approach consists in the ultimate radicalization of characteristics of the logical structure showing that the facts within only the logical structure cannot be understood and described in comprehensible propositions. Thereby it is possible to outline actually the logical level of language, and on this background to show the contents of the non-logical meanings and values providing understanding of the world. Such approach allows to master the performative measurement of "Tractatus" and to return values and meanings on their lawful place, to verbal expressions. Wittgenstein's thesis about their inexpressibleness in language is interpreted, respectively, as impossibility to express them in special philosophical propositions, separately from real functioning of the natural language.