Le Moyen Âge en quête de l’harmonie
This article introduces the problematic of harmony in the context of intellectual history of the Middle Ages
Ce chapitre, dans un manuel novateur consacré aux images médiévales, analyse un des problèmes les plus complexes de la peinture médiévale, le rapport difficile entre les plans dans la composition picturale. Un seul exemple, décrit de manière détaillée, l'enluminure des Evangiles d'Otton III à Aix-la-Chappelle, permet de saisir les spécificités de l'art médiéval avant l'apparition de l'ainsi dite perspctive italienne.
The research is carried out in accord with the main principles of communicative and paradigmatic linguistics. It is devoted to the study of lingual ways of expressing harmony as an ethetic category. Rhythm as a regular repetition of similar and commensurable units of language is considered to be the main mechanism of the harmonious organization of belle-lettres style texts. The high efficiency of rhythm as a stylistic device creates the expressiveness of the text at all the levels of language, beginning with the phonemic level and finishing with the dictemic level. The principle of repeatability of elements and their relations within the system of semantic and syntactic ties manifests internal symmetry; and the symmetry of text elements is the main indicator of its harmony.
This multi-author monograph has been compiled at the Department of Foreign Languages, Linguistics and Interpretation of Perm National Research Polytechnic University based on the research into modern translation discourse as an anthropocentric and textocentric phenomenon. The scientific inquiry is focused on exploration into the interpretaion process pattern as a synergetic system of interpreting senses of languages and cultures, interacting in the translation space, where the category of harmony is its axiological vector.
The monograph is aimed at students, post-graduates, doctoral students, and those specialized in translation studies, comparative linguistics, language education, and intercultural communication.
The article deals with a famous representation of Otto III in apotheosis together with the monk Liuthar, responsible for the execution of the beautiful Gospels-book, donated to the Aachen Chapel ca. 996. It opens with a methodological discussion of modern approaches to medieval art, and especially the applicability of the post-medieval notion of “space”, that the author proposes to substitute for “places” and “plans”. Operating with these notions, he gives a minute description of the miniature on two opposite pages as an unseparable, meaningful unity, where places, plans, figures, gestures are full of sens. This analysis allows to review some stereotyped interpretations of the main scene, especially the “exemplary” one by Ernst Kantorowicz, who claimed it to be at the origin of the much later theory of the king’s two bodies.
Big History has been developing very fast indeed. We are currently observing a ‘Cambrian explosion’ in terms of its popularity and diffusion. Big History courses are taught in the schools and universities of several dozen countries, including China, Korea, the Netherlands, the USA, India, Russia, Japan, Australia, Great Britain, Germany, and many more. The International Big History Association (IBHA) is gaining momentum in its projects and membership. Conferences are beginning to be held regularly (this edited volume has been prepared on the basis of the proceedings of the International Big History Association Inaugural Conference [see below for details]). Hundreds of researchers are involved in studying and teaching Big History.