Multisemiotic analysis of latent discrimination against feminist coaches
This article is devoted to the multisemiotic analysis of latent discrimination of feminist coaches. We conducted an experimental study of two different groups: the Russians and the Indians. The Russian (Group A) and Indian (Group B) informants evaluated facial expressions in photographs and wrote their replies and comments in a questionnaire designed to evaluate the informants’ responses to the photographs. The results show that multisemiotic analysis can provide fruitful insights into the way how the latent discrimination can be revealed using the photographs of feminist coaches and show varied ways of discrimination for different cultural backgrounds.
In the paper the works of Elsa Morante are analyzed. The analysis is based on four novels of the Italian authoress (“House of Liars”, “Arturo’s Island”, “History”, “Aracoeli”). Although Morante didn’t consider herself a feminist writer feministic features of novels are revealed.
The name of Robert Filmer remained in the history of political philosophy largely due to the first of the “Two Treatises of Government” by John Locke, and outside the narrow circle of specialists he is known primarily as Locke’s “punching bag”. Having thoroughly analyzed the content of the main work by Filmer and the context of its creation, A.Mishura and A.Pavlov show that the arguments of the author of “Patriarcha” deserve attention without regard to Locke. However, the analysis of these arguments necessitates taking into account those political goals, for which Filmer built his theoretical schemes. It is in the light of the context in which he wrote “Patriarcha” that Filmer’s thought may appear at least as political journalism relevant to its time, if not as political philosophy.
The article illustrates the development of women's history from the beginning to the present day in the USA and Russia (USSR), the main stages of this development, changes in approaches to problem solving.
Margaret Brent was the first woman lawyer in America, arriving in colonies in 1638. She was a master negotiator, an accomplished litigator, and a respect leader. Brent was involved in 124 court cases over 8 years and won every one. A powerful landowner, she was named as executor for Governor Calvert in 1647, when she restored calm and raised funds for mutinous soldiers by selling lands belonging to lord Baltimore, the Proprietor. In 1648 she demanded a "vote and voice" in the Maryland Assembly.
Russia has been experiencing the results of an acute economic crisis since 2012. However, the government has not been explicit in its declarations regarding austerity policies. On the contrary, it tends to represent its measures as "normal" and generally justifies cuts to public expenditure and reduced spending as part of a new understanding of the welfare state and socio-economic relations. Nevertheless, there is a clear connection between the crisis and the introduction of conservative discourse and the "traditional values" concept that targets gender equality both in public and private domains.
The Russian case study is exemplary and didactic. As Russia is new to market economics and has never developed a consistent neoliberal agenda, the shift to conservative ideologies came unexpectedly easily. Gender has become a battleground for the government to fight over social problems and austerity measures. Unlike the EU countries, the Russian government does not hesitate to challenge human rights and gender equality, easily shifting the blame to leftist ideologies – primarily feminism – that are held responsible for family instability and the poor state of demography and health. Using the concept of "traditional values" as a cover for increasing austerity measures, the government relies on short-term strategies. However, this shift to conservative public discourse has not been readily accepted by the Russian population, least of all by women. There is clear resistance from various social groups, including women. This resistance is not just taking the familiar form of public protests (although they have been taking place as well), but rather in the form of withdrawal from public space to minimise dealings with the state, a strategy familiar from the Soviet experience of resistance. Therefore, on the surface, Russian public discourse seems to be dominated by officially promoted ideologies, but this does not mean that society just accepts or even implements those ideologies eagerly.
At the same time, there is a clear tendency to follow supranational austerity measures by cutting public spending, amending social security policies, privatising care, and forcing women to return to the double-burden situation in the Soviet-type social contract by openly attacking feminist ideologies, gender equality, and human rights. In this situation, Russian NGOs, especially those with a human rights and gender-sensitive agenda, need more subtle strategies to deal with public policies, starting at the local government level.
The distractive effects on attentional task performance in different paradigms are analyzed in this paper. I demonstrate how distractors may negatively affect (interference effect), positively (redundancy effect) or neutrally (null effect). Distractor effects described in literature are classified in accordance with their hypothetical source. The general rule of the theory is also introduced. It contains the formal prediction of the particular distractor effect, based on entropy and redundancy measures from the mathematical theory of communication (Shannon, 1948). Single- vs dual-process frameworks are considered for hypothetical mechanisms which underpin the distractor effects. Distractor profiles (DPs) are also introduced for the formalization and simple visualization of experimental data concerning the distractor effects. Typical shapes of DPs and their interpretations are discussed with examples from three frequently cited experiments. Finally, the paper introduces hierarchical hypothesis that states the level-fashion modulating interrelations between distractor effects of different classes.
This article describes the expierence of studying factors influencing the social well-being of educational migrants as mesured by means of a psychological well-being scale (A. Perrudet-Badoux, G.A. Mendelsohn, J.Chiche, 1988) previously adapted for Russian by M.V. Sokolova. A statistical analysis of the scale's reliability is performed. Trends in dynamics of subjective well-being are indentified on the basis the correlations analysis between the condbtbions of adaptation and its success rate, and potential mechanisms for developing subjective well-being among student migrants living in student hostels are described. Particular attention is paid to commuting as a factor of adaptation.