Almost separating and almost secure frameproof codes over q-ary alphabets
In this paper we discuss some variations of the notion of separating code for alphabets of arbitrary size. We show how the original definition can be relaxed in two different ways, namely almost separating and almost secure frameproof codes, yielding two different concepts. The new definitions enable us to obtain codes of higher rate, at the expense of satisfying the separating property partially. These new definitions become useful when complete separation is only required with high probability, rather than unconditionally. We also show how the codes proposed can be used to improve the rate of existing constructions of families of fingerprinting codes.
This paper presents explicit constructions of fingerprinting codes. The proposed constructions use a class of codes called almost secure frameproof codes. An almost secure frameproof code is a relaxed version of a secure frameproof code, which in turn is the same as a separating code. This relaxed version is the object of our interest because it gives rise to fingerprinting codes of higher rate than fingerprinting codes derived from separating codes. The construction of almost secure frameproof codes discussed here is based on weakly biased arrays, a class of combinatorial objects tightly related to weakly dependent random variables.
Secure frameproof code is the name given to a separating code when studied in relation to fingerprinting schemes. Separating codes are combinatorial objects that have found to be useful in many areas such as technical diagnosis and the protection of distribution rights. A relaxed definition of the properties of separation and frameproofness, in the sense of only requiring the properties to hold with high probability, shows that for the relaxed definitions these notions are different. In this paper we address the construction of almost secure frameproof codes based on small-bias probability spaces.
Generalized error-locating codes are discussed. An algorithm for calculation of the upper bound of the probability of erroneous decoding for known code parameters and the input error probability is given. Based on this algorithm, an algorithm for selection of the code parameters for a specified design and input and output error probabilities is constructed. The lower bound of the probability of erroneous decoding is given. Examples of the dependence of the probability of erroneous decoding on the input error probability are given and the behavior of the obtained curves is explained.
The dynamics of a two-component Davydov-Scott (DS) soliton with a small mismatch of the initial location or velocity of the high-frequency (HF) component was investigated within the framework of the Zakharov-type system of two coupled equations for the HF and low-frequency (LF) fields. In this system, the HF field is described by the linear Schrödinger equation with the potential generated by the LF component varying in time and space. The LF component in this system is described by the Korteweg-de Vries equation with a term of quadratic influence of the HF field on the LF field. The frequency of the DS soliton`s component oscillation was found analytically using the balance equation. The perturbed DS soliton was shown to be stable. The analytical results were confirmed by numerical simulations.
Radiation conditions are described for various space regions, radiation-induced effects in spacecraft materials and equipment components are considered and information on theoretical, computational, and experimental methods for studying radiation effects are presented. The peculiarities of radiation effects on nanostructures and some problems related to modeling and radiation testing of such structures are considered.