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Article

Форма собственности в современной конституционной экономической модели

The article discusses the purpose of the form of ownership in the constitutional regulation of economic relations, an analysis of the main approaches to the evaluation of the legal significance of this category, it is argued that a formal relationship to nature type of ownership gives a distorted view of the methods of legal influence on the economy. Despite the denial in modern democratic constitutions of the ideological aspects of the form of ownership, this category has social elements. It is shown that an assessment of the constitutional form of ownership should be carried out by 1) economic and social, and 2) the legal aspects. According to the texts of the constitutions of the various states the analysis of the basic directions of use of the property, including, such as support for advanced management methods, provision of traditional economic structures, protection of particularly important property. Showing the relationship of the constitutional form of ownership and organizational-legal forms of business. This relationship is taken into account the nature and purpose of the private and public forms of ownership. Otherwise difficult to provide the necessary boundaries and ways of participation of the state in the economy. Formulated conclusion that the constitutional ownership is an essential tool for building the optimal model of economic model by supporting the most promising, and traditional ways of farming.