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Article

СЕМАНТИКА И ПРАГМАТИКА ПОСЛЕДНЕГО И ПРЕДПОСЛЕДНЕГО

Апресян В. Ю., Шмелев А. Д.

The paper considers the senses of the Russian adjective poslednij ‘last’. Its polysemy is analyzed as deriving from a certain core semantic structure that is common to all its meanings. The core structure has two semantic valencies – of a sequence and of a sequence element. Modifications of the core structure, including additional valencies (point of reference and landmark) account for its polysemy, as well as for diversity of its collocational and syntactic properties. The paper also demonstrates the role of pragmatics and lexicalization of grammatical and syntactic forms in disambiguating different meanings of poslednij, against the backdrop of its English correlates.