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Article

В "Стране ледяного ужаса": научно-туристская экспедиция «Интуриста» в Арктику в 1931 году

In article on the basis of first introduced into a wide scientific turn of two documents of the Federal archives (GA RF and RGAE) and memoirs recreated unknown pages of the early history of «Intourist». In particular, the history of the first scientific tourism expedition on the icebreaking steamer «Malygin», organized by «Intourist» in the summer of 1931. Departmental documents allow to see the navigation of the icebreaker, not as a scientific expedition, but as a tourist on a trip to promote «Intourist» and showcase successes of Soviet science and socialist construction in General. From the materials of the Soviet tourist Agency shows that political-ideological and scientific objective of the trip was dominated to the detriment of actually Hiking purposes. Its negative impact on the course of the trip provided primarily organizational confusion, lack of unity of command and the lack of experience of the organization such trips, as in «Intourist» and the ship's crew. But on the background of significant scientific results and generally favorable reviews from foreigners, conquered the beauty of the Arctic, the first experience of Arctic tourism can be considered successful.